Difference between revisions of "Western Armenia"

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(Major Settlements)
(Major Settlements)
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*[[Batum Province]] ([[Բաթում Նահանգ]]) - Like the Kars Province, the Batum Province has straddled the divide between eastern and western Armenia for centuries.  However, this region has tended to hold greater historical importance for [[Georgia]] than Armenia.  It is named for the city of Batum (now [[Batumi]], Georgia) and most of the province's northern territory is now part of the Georgian autonomous region of [[Adjara]].  Thus, only the Artvin area is included here and because it lays west of the border of Armenia, it will be also included in Western Armenia.
 
*[[Batum Province]] ([[Բաթում Նահանգ]]) - Like the Kars Province, the Batum Province has straddled the divide between eastern and western Armenia for centuries.  However, this region has tended to hold greater historical importance for [[Georgia]] than Armenia.  It is named for the city of Batum (now [[Batumi]], Georgia) and most of the province's northern territory is now part of the Georgian autonomous region of [[Adjara]].  Thus, only the Artvin area is included here and because it lays west of the border of Armenia, it will be also included in Western Armenia.
 
**[[Artvin]] ([[Արդվին]])
 
**[[Artvin]] ([[Արդվին]])
*[[Trebizond Province]] ([[Տրապիզոն Նահանգ]]) - Trebizond (Greek: Τραπεζοῦς ''Trapezûs'' or Τραπεζούντα ''Trapezúnta''; Turkish: ''Trabzon'') was an important city to the Pontian Greeks.  It once served as the medieval Empire of Trebizond (Βασίλειον τής Τραπεζούντας), a Byzantine Greek successor state of the Byzantine Empire founded in 1204.  Nevertheless, the territory was once part of Lesser Armenia (Փոքր Հայք; not to be confused with [[Cilicia]]), a region that existed during the Imperial Roman period.  It also historically held a significant Armenian population (including the [[Hamshen]] region). More importantly, however, the Trebizond Province was proposed to be included within Armenia by US President [[Woodrow Wilson]] at the [[Treaty of Sevres|Treaty of Sèvres]], in order to ensure Armenia access to the [[Black Sea]] and thus self-sufficiency and an open door to the international market.
+
*[[Trebizond Province]] ([[Տրապիզոն Նահանգ]]) - Trebizond (Greek: Τραπεζοῦς ''Trapezûs'' or Τραπεζούντα ''Trapezúnta''; Turkish: ''Trabzon'') was an important city to the Pontian Greeks.  It once served as the medieval Empire of Trebizond (Βασίλειον τής Τραπεζούντας), a Byzantine Greek successor state of the Byzantine Empire founded in 1204.  Nevertheless, the territory was once part of Lesser Armenia (Փոքր Հայք; not to be confused with [[Cilicia]]), a region that existed during the Imperial Roman period.  It also historically held a significant Armenian population (including the [[Hamshen]] region). More importantly, however, the Trebizond Province was proposed to be included within Armenia by US President [[Woodrow Wilson]] at the [[Treaty of Sevres|Treaty of Sèvres]], in order to secure Armenia "free access to the [[Black Sea]]" thus guaranteeing self-sufficiency and an open door to the international market.
 
**[[Trebizond]]([[Տրապիզոն]])
 
**[[Trebizond]]([[Տրապիզոն]])
 
**[[Rize]] ([[Ռիզե]])
 
**[[Rize]] ([[Ռիզե]])

Revision as of 17:49, 19 August 2007

Western Armenia, loosely defined as those parts of Historic Armenia which were under the rule of the Ottoman Empire, or sometimes more concretely defined as the six Armenian vilayets of the Ottoman Empire were virtually completely depopulated of Armenians during centuries of persecution, kidnappings of Armenian girls, massacres, and finally the Armenian Genocide. The Armenian history and presence in these parts of Anatolia stretched back for over 3,000 years and ever since the genocide Turkish government has allowed - through neglect and deliberate policy - most traces of the Armenian presence to be destroyed and lost, while simultaneously preventing Armenians from returning or reclaiming their old homes and monuments. Dozens of Armenian dialects were lost, as the dispersed Armenian survivors learned the standardized Constantinople dialect of Armenian in order to be able to understand one another.

This section is a repository of information on the Armenian presence and history in these parts.

Major Settlements

The following is a list of towns and cities in Western Armenia with a significant Armenian presence before the Armenian Genocide. Cilicia is treated seperately.

Metskert (Մեծկերտ, Мецкерт). was added, but what is it?