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Capital Center(s) of Armenian population № of Armenians Dialect(s) spoken Further information
Moscow Armavir, Krasnodar, Moscow, Rostov-on-Don, Saint Petersburg, Sochi, Stavropol 1,130,491 (2002 census) Eastern Armenian

Russia (Russian: Росси́йская Федера́ция, Rossiyskaya Federatsiya, Armenian: Ռուսաստան, Rusastan, or Ռուսիա, Rusya) is a country that stretches from eastern Europe to the far east of Asia. In terms of area, it is the largest country in the world, and is home to the largest Armenian diaspora community in the world (estimates go up to two million). Russia borders Armenia's northern neighbor, Georgia. Eastern Armenia was for a long time a part of the Russian Empire, and later part of its successor state, the Soviet Union (USSR).


History of the Armenian community

In the Northern Caucasus there have been Armenian settlements for centuries. The towns of Nor Nakhichevan (now part of Rostov-on-Don, Armavir and others were founded by Armenians and continue to have large Armenian communities.

There is a population of Hamshen Armenians in the town and area of Sochi.

Federal Districts of Russia

Central Federal District

  • Центральный федеральный округ - Tsentralny federalny okrug, Administrative center: Moscow
  • All Subdivisions: Belgorod Oblast, Bryansk Oblast, Ivanovo Oblast, Kaluga Oblast, Kostroma Oblast, Kursk Oblast, Lipetsk Oblast, Moscow, Moscow Oblast, Oryol Oblast, Ryazan Oblast, Smolensk Oblast, Tambov Oblast, Tver Oblast, Tula Oblast, Vladimir Oblast, Voronezh Oblast, Yaroslavl Oblast
  • Selected Cities: Moscow

Southern Federal District

  • Южный федеральный округ - Yuzhny federalny okrug, Administrative center: Rostov-on-Don
  • Includes: Adygea (Republic), Astrakhan Oblast , Chechnya (Republic), Dagestan (Republic), Ingushetia (Republic), Kabardino-Balkaria (Republic), Kalmykia (Republic), Karachay-Cherkessia (Republic), Krasnodar Krai, North Ossetia-Alania (Republic), Stavropol Krai, Rostov Oblast, Volgograd Oblast
  • Selected Cities: Rostov-on-Don, Armavir, Sochi, Krasnodar, Stavropol

Northwestern Federal District

  • Северо-Западный федеральный округ - Severo-Zapadny federalny okrug, Administrative center: St. Petersburg
  • Includes: Arkhangelsk Oblast (Nenetsia Autonomous District), Kaliningrad Oblast, Leningrad Oblast, Republic of Karelia, Komi Republic, Murmansk Oblast, Novgorod Oblast, Pskov Oblast, Saint Petersburg (federal city), Vologda Oblast,
  • Selected Cities or areas: Saint Petersburg, Republic of Komi

Far Eastern Federal District

  • Дальневосточный федеральный округ - Dalnevostochny federalny okrug, Administrative center: Khabarovsk
  • Includes: Amur Oblast (Jewish Autonomous Oblast), Kamchatka Oblast (Koryakia Autonomous District), Khabarovsk Krai, Magadan Oblast (Chukotka Autonomous District), Primorsky Krai, Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, Sakhalin Oblast,
  • Selected Cities:

Siberian Federal District

  • Сибирский федеральный округ - Sibirsky federalny okrug, Administrative center: Novosibirsk
  • Includes: Altai Republic, Altai Krai (Buryatia (Republic)), Chita Oblast (Aga Buryatia Autonomous District), Irkutsk Oblast (Ust-Orda Buryatia Autonomous District), Khakassia (Republic), Kemerovo Oblast, Krasnoyarsk Krai (Taymyria Autonomous District, Evenkia Autonomous District), Novosibirsk Oblast, Omsk Oblast, Tomsk Oblast, Tuva (Republic)
  • Selected Cities:

Urals Federal District

  • Уральский федеральный округ - Uralsky federalny okrug, Administrative center: Yekaterinburg
  • Includes: Kurgan Oblast, Sverdlovsk Oblast, Tyumen Oblast (Khantia-Mansia Autonomous District, Yamalia Autonomous District), Chelyabinsk Oblast
  • Selected Cities: Yekaterinburg

Privolzhsky (Volga) Federal District

  • Приволжский федеральный округ - Privolzhsky federalny okrug, Administrative center: Nizhny Novgorod
  • Includes: Bashkortostan (Republic), Chuvashia/Chuvash Republic, Kirov Oblast, Mari El (Republic), Mordovia (Republic), Nizhny Novgorod Oblast, Orenburg Oblast, Penza Oblast, Perm Krai, Samara Oblast, Saratov Oblast, Tatarstan (Republic), Udmurtia/Udmurt Republic, Ulyanovsk Oblast
  • Selected Cities: Kazan

Armenian schools


Noyan Tapan Dec 20 2005

YEREVAN, DECEMBER 20, NOYAN TAPAN. There are 19 Armenian state secondary schools in Russia where 5 thousand pupils study. There are most of schools, 6 in each, in the city of Sochi and the region of Rostov. There are only 4 Armenian schools in Moscow. The greatest number of pupils, 1800 ones, study in the region of Rostov, and 1300 ones in Moscow. Besides the Armenian secondary schools, there are also numerous Sunday, ethnic-cultural schools as well as groups attached to school for studing the Armenia language on the RF territory.

According to data of the Foreign Ties Department of the RA Ministry of Education and Science, about 300 teachers teach at Armenian schools of Russia.

Text-books of the Armenian Language and Literature envisaged for Russian schools during the Soviet years and ones published in Armenia recently are used in those schools. The list of Armenological studies is unchanged in those schools: Armenian Language, Armenian Literature and Armenian History.

There are only Armenian Sunday schools and courses for studying the language in other CIS as well as Baltic countries.

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Russian Businesses

Russian businesses currently operating in Armenia: Gazprom, Inter RAO, VTB, Russian Aluminum, VimpelCom, AFK Sistema, Russian Railroads and Alrosa.

See also

External links

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