Difference between revisions of "Paruyr Sevak"

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Armenian; '''Պարույր Սեվակ''' 1924 - 1971
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{{Person
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|Sex=Male
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|Photo filename=Paruyr Sevak.jpg
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|Photo size=175
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|Birth name=Paruyr Ghazaryan
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|Name in Armenian=Պարույր Սևակ
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|Birthplace name=Zangakatun
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|Birthplace coordinates=39.81935, 45.04103
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|Birth date=1924/01/24
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|Birth day=24
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|Birth month=January
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|Birth year=1924
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|Lived in=Zangakatun, Yerevan
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|Residence=Yerevan
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|Death place=Yerevan
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|Death date=1971/06/17
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|Death year=1971
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|Resting place=Zangakatun
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|Education=Yerevan State University
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|Citizenship=USSR
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|Languages=Armenian, Russian
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|Ethnicities=Armenian
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|Armenian dialects=Eastern Armenian
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|Spouses=Maya Avagyan, Nelly Menagharishvili
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}}
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'''Paruyr Sevak''' ({{lang-hy|Պարույր Սևակ}}) (January 24, 1924 – June 17, 1971) was an Armenian [[poet]], translator and literary critic. He is considered one of the greatest Armenian poets of the 20th century.<ref>Portraits of hope: Armenians in the contemporary world, by Huberta von Voss - 2007 - p. 116</ref>
  
Poet and writer
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==Biography==
----
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Sevak was born '''Paruyr Ghazaryan''' ({{lang-hy|Պարույր Ղազարյան}}) in Chanakhchi (now [[Zangakatun]]) village, [[Armenian SSR]], [[Soviet Union]] to Rafael Ghazaryan and Anahit Soghomonyan on January 24, 1924. Young Paruyr attended the village school. Sevak spent the part of his childhood and adolescence in a location called ''Navchalu yayla'' (near Zangakatun) and in his early writings, he signed his writings with ‘Navchalu’ as the location where they were written.<ref>{{Cite journal|last=Ghulyan|first=Husik|date=2020-12-01|title=Conceiving homogenous state-space for the nation: the nationalist discourse on autochthony and the politics of place-naming in Armenia|url=https://doi.org/10.1080/02634937.2020.1843405|journal=Central Asian Survey|volume=0|issue=0|pages=1–25|doi=10.1080/02634937.2020.1843405|issn=0263-4937}}</ref> Later in 1940 moved to Yerevan to study at the philological faculty of [[Yerevan State University]]. He graduated from the YSU in 1945.<ref name="bio">{{cite web | url    = http://www.paruyrsevak.com/ | script-title=hy:Կենսագրություն | publisher  = ParuyrSevak.com | accessdate = August 3, 2012|language=hy}}</ref> The same year he starts a postgraduate study of Armenian literature at the Academy of Sciences Abeghyan Institute of Literature.<ref name="bio"/> In 1951 Sevak went to Moscow to study at the [[Gorky Institute of World Literature]].<ref name="bio"/> Graduating from that institute Paruyr works there in 1957-59 as a translating professor.
  
Paruyr Sevak (Ghazaryan) was born in Chanakhchi village, located in [[Ararat Marz|Ararat Region]], Armenia on January 24, 1924 to parents Rafael Ghazari Ghazarnyan and Anahid Gaspari Soghomonyan. Rafael was well educated, while his wife Anahid was an illiterate villager. Their family name originally contained the prefix "Ter" which may have been an indication of their religious origin.
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Inspired by the Western Armenian poet [[Ruben Sevak]], Paruyr Ghazaryan adopted the name Paruyr Sevak as his [[pen name]].
  
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In 1960 Sevak returns to Yerevan and starts his fecund and meaningful literary, scientific and public activism.<ref name="bio"/> He starts to work at the Abeghyan Institute of Literature as a scientific researcher.<ref name="bio"/> From 1966-1971 Sevak served as the Secretary of the Board of the [[Writers Union of Armenia]].<ref name="bio"/>
  
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In 1967 Sevak became a doctor of philology after dissertation defense.<ref name="bio"/> In 1968 he was elected to the Supreme Council of the [[Armenian SSR]].<ref name="bio"/>
  
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[[File:Paruyr Sevak Plaque, Yerevan.jpg|thumbnail|Paruyr Sevak's Plaque in Yerevan on Kasyan street]]
  
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Sevak died on June 17, 1971 in a car crash while on a drive back to Yerevan.<ref name="bio"/> In previous years, he had voiced his criticism of the corruption of the Soviet establishment and for this, many Armenians believe, he was murdered by the Soviet government.<ref>{{cite book|last=Malkasian|first=Mark|title=Gha-ra-bagh!: The Emergence of the National Democratic Movement in Armenia|year=1996|publisher=Wayne State University Press|location=Detroit|isbn=9780814326046|page=[https://archive.org/details/gharabaghemergen00malk/page/215 215]|url-access=registration|url=https://archive.org/details/gharabaghemergen00malk/page/215}}</ref> His wife, Nelly Menagharishvili, also died in the car crash. He was buried in the backyard of his home, in Zangakatun, which later became a museum open to everyone.
  
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==Literary work==
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Sevak's poem ''The Unsilenceable Belfry'' is dedicated to Armenian composer [[Komitas Vardapet]] and to the remembrance of the [[Armenian Genocide]].
  
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=== Publications ===
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* ''Immortals Command'' (Անմահները հրամայում են) — 1948
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* ''Uncompromising Intimacy'' (Անհաշտ մտերմություն) — 1953
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* ''Love's Road'' (Սիրո ճանապարհ) — 1954
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* ''The Unsilenceable Belfry'' (Անլռելի Զանգակատուն) — 1959
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* ''Man in a Palm'' (Մարդը ափի մեջ) — 1964
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* ''Sayat Nova'' (Սայաթ Նովա) — 1969
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* ''Let There Be Light'' (Եղիցի լույս) — 1969
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* ''Your Acquaintances'' (Ձեր ծանոթները) — 1971
  
== Poems by Sevak ==
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==Legacy and memory==
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One of the mains streets of Yerevan's [[Kanaker-Zeytun]] district is named after Sevak.<ref>{{cite web | url =https://maps.google.com/maps?f=q&source=s_q&hl=en&geocode=&authuser=0&q=sevak+street&aq=&vps=1&sll=37.0625,-95.677068&sspn=47.349227,107.138672&vpsrc=1&ie=UTF8 | title  = Sevak St, Yerevan, Armenia | publisher  = Google Maps | accessdate = August 2, 2012}}</ref> School #123 of Yerevan is named after Paruyr Sevak.<ref>{{cite web | url    = http://www.spyur.am/en/companies/post-office-63/84435 | title  = YEREVAN BASIC SCHOOL №123 NAMED AFTER PARUYR SEVAK | publisher  = Spyur: Company Register of Armenia | accessdate = August 2, 2012}}</ref>
  
:We are few, but they call us Armenians,
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On 2018, the third series of [[Armenian dram|Dram]] banknotes were printed, featuring Sevak on the 1000 Dram note.  
:We do not consider ourselves above anybody else,
 
:We simply recognize,
 
:We, and only we, have [[Mt. Ararat|Ararat]].
 
  
==External Links==
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===In popular culture===
http://armenianpoetry.com/arm/Paruyr_Sevak/ (in Armenian)
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* "Paruyr Sevak" (1984) directed by [[Levon Mkrtchyan]], [[Armenfilm]]
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==References==
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Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paruyr_Sevak
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{{reflist}}
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==External links==
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* [http://sevak.am/ Paruyr Sevak]
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* [http://www.paruyrsevak.org/ Paruyr Sevak]
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* [http://sevak.info/ Paruyr Sevak]
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* [http://www.goodreads.com/topic/show/360225-paruyr-sevak/ Paruyr Sevak's poems translated in English on Goodreads]
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* [http://freebooks.do.am/load/aowdio_grqer/parowyr_s_ak/57-1-0-1921 Sevak`s poetries audio version]
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* [http://www.paruyrsevak.com/ Dedicated site]
  
 
[[Category:Armenian Individuals|Sevak Paruyr]]
 
[[Category:Armenian Individuals|Sevak Paruyr]]

Latest revision as of 06:37, 23 January 2021

Paruyr_Sevak&chld=H_100&junk=junk.png Paruyr Sevak Mars symbol.svg
Paruyr Sevak.jpg
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Birth name Paruyr Ghazaryan
Name in Armenian Պարույր Սևակ
Birthplace Zangakatun
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Birth date 24 January 1924
Lived in Zangakatun, Yerevan
Resides in Yerevan
Death place Yerevan
Death date 1971/06/17
Death year 1971
Resting place Zangakatun
Education Yerevan State University
Languages Armenian, Russian
Ethnicities Armenian
Dialects Eastern Armenian
Spouses Maya Avagyan, Nelly Menagharishvili

Paruyr Sevak (Armenian: Պարույր Սևակ) (January 24, 1924 – June 17, 1971) was an Armenian poet, translator and literary critic. He is considered one of the greatest Armenian poets of the 20th century.[1]

Biography

Sevak was born Paruyr Ghazaryan (Armenian: Պարույր Ղազարյան) in Chanakhchi (now Zangakatun) village, Armenian SSR, Soviet Union to Rafael Ghazaryan and Anahit Soghomonyan on January 24, 1924. Young Paruyr attended the village school. Sevak spent the part of his childhood and adolescence in a location called Navchalu yayla (near Zangakatun) and in his early writings, he signed his writings with ‘Navchalu’ as the location where they were written.[2] Later in 1940 moved to Yerevan to study at the philological faculty of Yerevan State University. He graduated from the YSU in 1945.[3] The same year he starts a postgraduate study of Armenian literature at the Academy of Sciences Abeghyan Institute of Literature.[3] In 1951 Sevak went to Moscow to study at the Gorky Institute of World Literature.[3] Graduating from that institute Paruyr works there in 1957-59 as a translating professor.

Inspired by the Western Armenian poet Ruben Sevak, Paruyr Ghazaryan adopted the name Paruyr Sevak as his pen name.

In 1960 Sevak returns to Yerevan and starts his fecund and meaningful literary, scientific and public activism.[3] He starts to work at the Abeghyan Institute of Literature as a scientific researcher.[3] From 1966-1971 Sevak served as the Secretary of the Board of the Writers Union of Armenia.[3]

In 1967 Sevak became a doctor of philology after dissertation defense.[3] In 1968 he was elected to the Supreme Council of the Armenian SSR.[3]

File:Paruyr Sevak Plaque, Yerevan.jpg
Paruyr Sevak's Plaque in Yerevan on Kasyan street

Sevak died on June 17, 1971 in a car crash while on a drive back to Yerevan.[3] In previous years, he had voiced his criticism of the corruption of the Soviet establishment and for this, many Armenians believe, he was murdered by the Soviet government.[4] His wife, Nelly Menagharishvili, also died in the car crash. He was buried in the backyard of his home, in Zangakatun, which later became a museum open to everyone.

Literary work

Sevak's poem The Unsilenceable Belfry is dedicated to Armenian composer Komitas Vardapet and to the remembrance of the Armenian Genocide.

Publications

  • Immortals Command (Անմահները հրամայում են) — 1948
  • Uncompromising Intimacy (Անհաշտ մտերմություն) — 1953
  • Love's Road (Սիրո ճանապարհ) — 1954
  • The Unsilenceable Belfry (Անլռելի Զանգակատուն) — 1959
  • Man in a Palm (Մարդը ափի մեջ) — 1964
  • Sayat Nova (Սայաթ Նովա) — 1969
  • Let There Be Light (Եղիցի լույս) — 1969
  • Your Acquaintances (Ձեր ծանոթները) — 1971

Legacy and memory

One of the mains streets of Yerevan's Kanaker-Zeytun district is named after Sevak.[5] School #123 of Yerevan is named after Paruyr Sevak.[6]

On 2018, the third series of Dram banknotes were printed, featuring Sevak on the 1000 Dram note.

In popular culture

References

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paruyr_Sevak

External links