Persian is an Indo-European language. It belongs to the Iranian sub-branch of the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European languages. Old-Persian was the language of the Achaemenid Empire. Middle-Persian that of the Sassanid Empire and Modern Persian is the official language of Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan. In addition approximately 7-8 millin Persian-speakers live in Uzbekistan. The number of people who can communicate in Persian is estimated at around 110 million. The history of Modern-Persian begins a thousand years ago in 9th century. It became a highly developed and standardized language with a standard written form during the 9th century A.D. Being one of the earliest languages in the world which was standardized, it soon became the literary and administrative vehicle in much of non-Arab Western-Asia and the Indian subcontinent.
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