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Armenian Highland

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The Armenian Highland (Armenian Upland) is part of the Transcaucasian Highland and constitutes the continuation of the Caucasus mountains, also referred as eastern Armenia. Most of the Armenian Highland is in Turkey, with some part in Iran. Almost all of Armenia is within the Armenian Highland. The Armenian Upland also extends into western parts of Azerbaijan.

Its total area is about 400,000 km²[1]. The highest point is Mount Ararat, 5,165 metres (16,945 ft). It is a mixture of lava plateaus, volcanic cones, and fault-fold ranges featuring mountain steppes and semi-deserts. There are a number of lakes in tectonic depressions (Lake Sevan, Lake Van, Lake Urmia). Though the name is often shown in international atlases, the name Armenian Highland or Armenian Upland is not used by the neighboring countries of Armenia for political and historical reasons.

The apricot is native to the Armenian Highlands. It came to be known throughout the ancient world as the Armenian fruit. Its botanical name Prunus armeniaca, derives from the Latin vernacular for apricot, armeniacum, which some scholars have linked to its Akkadian name armanu. [2]

See also


  1. "Armenian Highland." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2007. Encyclopædia
  2. Raphael A. Ishkhanian, On the Origin and Earliest History of the Armenian People, trans. N. Ouzounian, (Montreal, 1989) 48; Raphael A. Iskhanian, Bnik hayeren paer ew hnaguyn p’okhar’ut’yunner (Yerevani Hamalsarani Hrat. 1989) 56.