Turkish Defeat On Dardanelles -nyt19150601

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Allies Report Ottomans' Rout, After Fierce Fighting, with 2,000 Casualties


Heavy Counter-Attacks Beaten Back by Artillery Fire -- Turks Shell Sel El-Bahr

JUNE 1, 1915

LONDON, May 31.--Heavy fighting on Gallipoli Peninsula, resulting in the rout of the attacking Turkish forces, is announced in an official statement given out here today. The casualties of the Turks are said to have amounted to at least 2,000. The British losses are given at 300. The statement follows:

"Regarding the operations at the Dardanelles on the 26th and 27th of May, nothing of importance occurred.

The Germans are still making efforts to smuggle ammunition through to Turkey. Red Cross material passing through, for example, was found to contain sections of a submarine and an airplane. An X-ray examination of the baggage of a German diplomatic courier at Predeal, on the Austro-Romanian frontier, revealed the fact that its contents consisted of mine case and asphyxiating bombs, while the day before sixteen boxes of cartage cases were seized at Glurgiu among the belongings of an Austrian courier on his way to Turkey.

I have seen a reliable eyewitness of the Armenian massacres. He says the situation in Armenia is perfect hell, and that the inhabitants are maddened by war, typhus, and famine. On May 12 several bands of Kurdish horsemen made a concerted rush into the Armenian quarterly at Moush, first attacking the shopkeepers in the bazaar, burning, looting and murdering as they went. The massacre went on till far in the night, even the regular police joining. Fully 250 men were killed. The women, if old and ugly, were murdered or beaten; if young and pretty, were taken away. The children generally were spared, but a few were put to death for sheer amusement. The political effect of these horrors is very deep in Constantinople, as many of the best officials of the Turkish Government are Armenians.

The heir apparent now speaks openly of the necessity of a separate peace.

I traveled with a German officer from Constantinople, who had just been appointed to the command of the prisoners' camp at Uim. He said he hoped he would have the English prisoners under him, as he wanted to visit the sins of the nation on them, and calmly and rather proudly confessed that when he was at the front in France, near Lille, he had on two occasions done away with British prisoners.

A hard copy of this article or hundreds of others from the time of the Armenian Genocide can be found in The Armenian Genocide: News Accounts From The American Press: 1915-1922