Sambucus tigranii

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< On the list of Rare and Endangered Plants of Armenia

File:Sambacus Tigranii.JPG File:240px-Elderberry.jpg Elder or Elderberry (Sambucus) is a genus of between 5-30 species of fast-growing shrubs or small trees (two species herbaceous), formerly treated in the honeysuckle family Caprifoliaceae, but now shown by genetic evidence to be correctly classified in the moschatel family Adoxaceae.

The leaves are opposite, pinnate, with 5-9 leaflets (rarely 3 or 11), each leaf 5-30 cm long, the leaflets with a serrated margin. They bear large clusters of small white or cream coloured flowers in the late spring, that are followed by clusters of small red, bluish or black berries. The berries are a very valuable food resource for many birds, the flowers are eaten by the larva of The V-Pug moth and the leaves by that of another moth, the Buff Ermine. The crushed foliage and immature fruit have a strong foetid smell.

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Plant in Armenia

Կտտկենի, թանթերվենի Տիգրանի (“Kttkeni, tanterveni Tigrani”)


Very rare species.

Habitat in Armenia

Grows in the floristic regions of Shirak, Aparan, Yerevan and Dareleghis.

Habitat and ecology

Grows along the river gorges, and dry places.

Biology and potential value

has huge scientific and practical value. High decorative plant.

Measures of protection

Full control over the populations should be established. Natural reproduction should be enhanced.

External links