Early Armenian history
The Nairi (Armenian: Նաիրի) were a Late Bronze Age nation corresponding in the territory of the later Kingdom of Urartu, located around Lake Van, in what is now the East Anatolia Region (between Hakkari to Dersim), southeastern Turkey. The Nairi were considered a force strong enough to tackle both the Assyrians and Hittites. This nation was mentioned first by the Assyrians in the 13th century BC as 'Nairi' (Land of 'Rivers' in Assyrian).  Nairi was a rival of the Assyrian Empire. They had many wars with the Assyrians. Nairi was part of the peoples that formed Urartu. Nairi the sacred life giving highland of fire and water the union included 51 states including the earlier Hayasa-Azzi territories according to inscriptions of 1275 B.C.
The Nairi's fought against southern incursions of the Assyrians and would later unite into Urartu.
The Assyrian armies in their marches northwards were opposed by a confederacy of princes of whose country is called Nairi in the Assyrian inscriptions. The kingdom of Urartu is mentioned by the Assyrians in the reign of Ashur-nasir-pal (885-860 B.C.) it was also not before the reign of Shalmaneser II that shown evidence of an Assyrian army marching into Armenia to attack the territories not of a league of Nairi princess but of a monarch of Urartu.  
- The Nairi Tac Central
- Hovick Nersessian "Highlands of Armenia," Los Angeles, 2000. Mr. Nersessian is in the New York Academy of Sciences
- The Armenians - Page 27 by Elizabeth Redgate, A. E. (Anne Elizabeth) Redgate
- Grayson, IL, 1976 (pp. 12-13)
- Armenia, Travels and Studies. Volume 2. The Turkish Provinces By Harry Finnis Blosse PG. 58
- A History of Babylonia and Assyria - Page 279 by Robert William Rogers