Melanitta fusca

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Rare and Endangered Animals of Armenia

The scoters

File:250px-Wwscoter12.jpg The scoters are stocky seaducks in the genus Melanitta. The drakes are mostly black and have swollen bills. Females are brown.

They breed in the far north of Europe, Asia and North America, and winter further south in temperate zones of those continents. They form large flocks on suitable coastal waters. These are tightly packed, and the birds tend to take off together.

Their lined nests are built on the ground close to the sea, lakes or rivers, in woodland or tundra. These species dive for crustaceans and molluscs.



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Animal in Armenia

Տուրպան(“Turpan”)

Status

Rare species.

Habitat in Armenia

Nowadays rarely met only around Lake Sevan.

Number in the wild

10 – 20 species registered during flight periods around Lchashen village in 1965 – 1975. Has not been met recently.

Reasons for decrease in number

Decrease of water level in Sevan. Their absence in winter is due to freezing of Sevan.

Number in captivity

No data.

Measures of protection taken

Catch is forbidden in the territory of Armenia. Some preserving and biotechnical measures taken.

External links

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scoter