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Indigenous to Armenia, the dhol is a cylinder-shaped percussion instrument with two batter heads, one at each end. Constructed of pine, walnut or willow and often painted, the standard-sized shell has a diameter of 33 cm and measures 30 cm long, (a larger version has a diameter of 49 cm and 37 cm long ). The batter heads, one for bass and the other for descent, are made of goat skin. The dhol may be played with sticks, mallets, or with the palms of the hands and the fingers. Once used during military campaigns, the dhol is now played in folkloric trios (the duduk and zurna complementing the dhol) and orchestra.

Dhol (larger) - Davul, Dap (smaller) (percussion instrument)

Double-headed cylindrical drum. One membrane is thick and produces a deep sound, the other is thinner, generating a higher pitch. The membranes are made of sheepskin or goatskin, which are tensioned to each other by a variety of zigzag lacing around the cylinder. It is either played with two wooden sticks (one usually thicker than the other) on both membranes, or with the fingers and palms on one membrane. A variety of dances and songs are accompanied by the dhol. Many rhythmic patterns are used, giving the music an improvisatory character and its beat. In medieval times, the dhol was also known as the gos.

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Armenian Music


Dhole Help & Info can be found at