Avedis Aharonian born in Igdir, Erivan Province, in 1866, has written novels, short stories, literary criticisms, dramas and poems. At the time of Abdul Hamid’s massacres, he was living near the frontier between Turkey and Russia, and he saw the sufferings of the refugees, and took part in the relief work. His graphic tales, called out by these events, made a deep impression. While in the Caucasus a few years ago, he was imprisoned by the Russian government as a political offender, and he came out with broken health. His writings are highly esteemed.