Armenian Alphabet Characteristics

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(E) = Eastern

(W) = Western

Contents

Multiple Armenian Letters per Sound[1]

Sound Letter Num Name Letter Num Name Letter Num Name
b Բ բ 2 ben (E) Պ պ 800 be (W)
g Գգ 3 gim (E) Կ կ 60 gen (W)
d Դ դ 4 da (E) Տ տ 4000 dyun (W)
e Ե ե 5 yech Է է 7 eh
t Թ թ 9 to Դ դ 4 ta (W) Տ տ 4000 tyun (E)
ts Ծ ծ 50 tsa (E) Ձ ձ 80 tsa (W) Ց ց 6000 tso
dz dza (W) dza (E)
k Կ կ 60 ken (E) Ք ք 9000 keh Գ գ 3 kim (W)
h Հ հ 70 ho Յ յ 300 hi (W)
ch Ճ ճ 100 che (E) Ջ ջ 900 che (W) Չ չ 700 cha
j je (W) je (E)
p Պ պ 800 peh (E) Բ բ 2 pen (W) Փ փ 8000 pyur
r Ռ ռ 1000 ra Ր ր 5000 re
o O o NA oh Ո ո 600 vo
v Վ վ 3000 vev Ւ ւ 7000 hyun (W)

Double English Consonant Sounds[2]

Sound Letter Num Name Letter Num Name Letter Num Name
jh Ժ ժ 10 jhe
kh Խ խ 40 khe
ts Ծ ծ 50 tsa (E) Ձ ձ 80 tsa (W) Ց ց 6000 tso
dz Ձ ձ 80 dza (E) Ծ ծ 50 dza (W)
gh Ղ ղ 90 ghad
ch Ճ ճ 100 che (E) Չ չ 700 tcha Ջ ջ 900 che (W)
sh Շ շ 500 sha

Digraphs Trigraph

Sound Letters Usage
u ՈՒ ու
yu ԻՒ իւ traditional orthography
ՅՈՒ յու reformed orthography

Use Lowercase English Letters

Letter Num Name English Letter Sound
Հ հ 70 ho h h
Ո ո 600 vo n vo o
Ս ս 2000 se u s
Ց ց 6000 tso g ts
Օ օ NA oh o o
Տ տ 4000 tyun (E) S t
dyun (W) d

Double Sounds

Letter Num Name Sound Beginning of word Middle of word
Ե ե 5 yech e ye e
Յ յ 300 hi h h (W) y (E)
Ո ո 600 vo o vo o
և NA yev yev yev ev

Different in Eastern Western

Letter Num Name Sound   Letter Num Name Sound
Բ բ 2 ben (E) b Ճ ճ 100 che (E) ch
pen (W) p je (W) j
Գ գ 3 gim (E) g Յ յ 300 hi (E) y
kim (W) k hi (W) h
Դ դ 4 da (E) d Պ պ 800 pe (E) p
ta (W) t be (W) b
Ծ ծ 50 tsa (E) ts Ջ ջ 900 je (E) j
dza (W) dz che (W) ch
Կ կ 60 ken (E) k Տ տ 4000 tyun (E) t
gen (W) g dyun (W) d
Ձ ձ 80 dza (E) dz Ւ ւ 7000 hyun (E) u
tsa (W) ts hyun (W) v

Similar Capitals 23

Letter Num Name Sound
Բ բ 2 ben (E) b
pen (W) p
Գ գ 3 gim (E) g
kim (W) k
Դ դ 4 da (E) d
ta (W) t
Ե ե 5 yech e ye
Է է 7 eh e
Ը ը 8 ut uh
Թ թ 9 to t
Ժ ժ 10 jhe jh
Ի ի 20 ini ee
Լ լ 30 lyun l
Խ խ 40 khe kh
Կ կ 60 ken (E) k
gen (W) g
Ղ ղ 90 ghad gh
Ճ ճ 100 che (E) ch
je (W) j
Մ մ 200 men m
Ն ն 400 nu n
Ո ո 600 vo vo o
Ս ս 2000 se s
Վ վ 3000 vev v
Ր ր 5000 re r
Ք ք 9000 ke k
Օ օ NA oh o
Ֆ ֆ NA fe f

Different Capitals 15

Letter Num Name Sound
Ա ա 1 ayb (E) a
ayp (W)
Զ զ 6 za z
Ծ ծ 50 tsa (E) ts
dza (W) dz
Հ հ 70 ho h
Ձ ձ 80 dza (E) dz
tsa (W) ts
Յ յ 300 hi (E) y
hi (W) h
Շ շ 500 sha sh
Չ չ 700 tcha ch'
Պ պ 800 peh p
Ջ ջ 900 je (E) j
che (W) ch
Ռ ռ 1000 ra rr
Տ տ 4000 tyun (E) t
dyun (W) d
Ց ց 6000 tso ts'
Ւ ւ 7000 hyun (E) u
hyun (W) v
Փ փ 8000 pyur p'

Similar Sounding Letters

Sound Letter Num Name
o Ո ո 600 vo
O o NA oh
ch Ճ ճ 100 che (E)
Չ չ 700 tcha
Ջ ջ 900 che (W)
k Կ կ 60 ken (E)
Գ գ 3 kim (W)
Ք ք 9000 keh
j Ժ ժ 10 jhe
Ճ ճ 100 je (W)
Ջ ջ 900 je (E)
e Ե ե 5 yech
Է է 7 eh
t Տ տ 4000 tyun (E)
Դ դ 4 ta (W)
Թ թ 9 to
p Պ պ 800 peh (E)
Բ բ 2 pen (W)
Փ փ 8000 pyur
r Ռ ռ 1000 ra
Ր ր 5000 re

References

  1. http://www.armeniapedia.org/wiki/Armenian_Alphabet
  2. http://www.armeniapedia.org/wiki/Armenian_Alphabet

3 “In reformed orthography, the letter ւ appears only as a component of ու. In traditional orthography, the letter usually represents /v/, except in the digraph իւ /ju/. The spelling reform in Soviet Armenia replaced իւ with the trigraph յու.” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Armenian_alphabet#The_alphabet Note 5

4 “In traditional orthography ու and և are respectively considered a digraph and a ligature. In reformed orthography they are separate letters of the alphabet.” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Armenian_alphabet#The_alphabet Note 4

5 “The letter Ւ, ւ, once the 34th letter of the Armenian alphabet, is no longer used in the modern Eastern Armenian alphabet; ու and և are considered independent letters . ՈՒ and ԵՎ are used in words written in block capitals, Ու and Եվ are used as the first letter of lower case words beginning with a capital, and ու and և are lower case.” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Naming_conventions_(Armenian) Loose transcription, Note 3

6 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Naming_conventions_(Armenian) Loose transcription

7 “Only in traditional orthography word-initially and in compound words.” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Armenian_alphabet#The_alphabet Note 1 Name: Traditional - yi Reformed - hi

8 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Armenian_alphabet#The_alphabet

Author of this article: Ronald Ojakian




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