Architecture of the Soviet Armenia: Preface
The architecture of Soviet Armenia, if we judge it by the best examples, - the bright and original manifestation of multinational Soviet architecture. It strongly costs on the base of the centuries-old traditions of Armenian architecture, receiving these traditions first of all as accumulation and the creative use of wide experience of predecessors as the formation of the means of the thinking, which corresponds to the requirement of time and to the most complete disclosure of the creative possibilities of architect.
The architecture of its contemporary period, which rises from from the establishment in 1920 of the Soviet regime in Armenia, is the organic part of the Armenian architecture.
"in proportion to an increase in the cultural level of people, - is said in the new editorial staff of program CPSU - COMMUNIST PARTY OF THE SOVIET UNION, the influence of skill on the life of society, its moral-psychological climate is strengthened. This increases the responsibility of the masters of culture for the ideological trend of creation, the artistic force of the action of their works.
CPSU - COMMUNIST PARTY OF THE SOVIET UNION with great care, validly relates to the talent, to the artistic search. At the same time it always fought and will fight, relying on creative unions, to the public opinion, to the Marxist-Leninist artistic criticism, against the manifestations of lack of principles and ideals and ideological omnivorousness, aesthetical grayness, handicraft ".
Armenia with great care stores the numerous monuments of the material culture, which testify about the creative genius of its people, whose history departs to the depth it is age-long. Monuments OF THE IV -.i thousand to n. 3. not rarity on the ancient earth of Nairis. The cuneiform "passport" of Yerevan testifies about its base in 782 more g. to n. 3. Temple I v. in Harney proudly stands in the majestic environment of mountains. Kasakh, Yereruk, Echmiadzin, Yegvard, Avan, Ripsime, Gayane, Zvartnots, Karmravor, Tatev, Akhtamar, Marmashen, Amberd, Ani, Sanain, Akhpat, Ayrivank, Agartsin, Goshavank, Ovannavank, Noravank... these and hundreds of other monuments OF THE IV -.khiii of centuries - silent witnesses of the heavy, with the times tragic way of Armenian people.
In THE IV -.v substances Armenia was implicated in the infinite wars. It is regular, that precisely when the threat of the religious and cultural assimilation of Armenians is overhanging, by great Mesropom Mashtotsom created Armenian alphabet. The value of this event in the fight for the national self-preservation is difficult to overestimate [ 1 ].
The fight of Armenian people against the foreign enslavers was completed at the end V v. by complete victory and release of Armenia from the hateful Persian yoke. Specifically, V -.vii of substances are dated the most salient monuments of the Armenian architecture of the early middle ages. In the middle OF THE VII and VIII substances - - again the invasion, is now narrower than Arabs, and again destruction and devastation. Release from the yoke of the latter was marked by new revival in THE IX -.khi of substances I so - on entire historical way of the people: war, devastation, creation, the revival of cultural values for the transfer to their subsequent generations. In this process is confirmed more powerfully the tendency of people toward the retention of "its antiquity". Speech goes on ".. voobл not only about the discovery of its "epochs of revival" in the history of different peoples, i.e., about the new comprehension of historical process in them, but also much larger: on the very understanding of the historical implication of this epoch, about the historical conditions, its causing and determining, its historical implication and finally about laws governing this epoch in the history of the specific peoples, and through it and histories of humanity "[ 2].
In this book, dedicated to the 70- anniversary OF THE USSR, the problem of writing the history of the architecture of Soviet Armenia was not posed by the authors. they made the attempt against the general background of the development of the republic and country to examine the essence of the processes proceeding in the architecture, to reveal the conceptual bases of separate creative directions and to determine their place in the united course of the development of Soviet architecture. In this case the accent from the traditional descriptive genre is transferred in field theory and criticism, a deficiency in the works in which always hampers the process of development.
To what degree this task succeeded - let the reader determine.