Anas strepera

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Rare and Endangered Animals of Armenia

The Gadwall

File:200px-Gadwallfem03.jpg The Gadwall (Anas strepera) is a common and widespread duck which breeds in the northern areas of Europe and Asia and central North America. The range of this bird appears to be expanding into eastern North America.

This dabbling duck is strongly migratory and winters further south than its breeding range. It is not as gregarious as some dabbling ducks outside of the breeding season and tends to form only small flocks.

The Gadwall is 46-56 cm long with a 78-90 cm wingspan. The breeding male is a beautifully patterned grey, with a black rear end and a brilliant white speculum, obvious in flight or at rest. In non-breeding (eclipse) plumage, the drake looks more like the female.

The females are light brown, with plumage much like a female Mallard. They can be distinguished from that species by the dark orange-edged bill, smaller size, and lack of an obvious speculum.

The Gadwall is a bird of open wetlands, such as prairie lakes, wet grassland or marshes with dense fringing vegetation, and usually feeds by dabbling for plant food with head submerged. It nests on the ground, often some distance from water. The young birds are fed insects at first; adults also eat some mollusks and insects during the nesting season.

This is a fairly quiet species. The male has a hoarse whistling call, whereas the female has a mallard-like quack.

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Animal in Armenia

Մոխրագույն բադ (“Mokhraguyn bad”)


Rare and disappearing species.

Habitat in Armenia

Was met in almost all the water reservoirs of Armenia and is considered a common bird around Lake Sevan.

Number in the wild

Groups of 5 – 6 birds were met during flight periods around Lake Sevan and Ararat valley.

Reasons for decrease in number

Freezing of Lake Sevan which worsens the condition of wintering on the lake.

Number in captivity

No data.

Measures of protection taken

Catch is forbidden in the territory of Armenia.

External links