Difference between revisions of "What's in a Name? The Etymology of Armenian Surnames"

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1990.
 
1990.
990
+
 
 
Slide #3 –(Mother Tongue)  
 
Slide #3 –(Mother Tongue)  
  
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Slide #6 – (The Aryano-Greco-Armenio branch)
 
Slide #6 – (The Aryano-Greco-Armenio branch)
  
From that orange point to the left are the Greek languages; and to the right, the Armeno-
+
From that orange point to the left are the Greek languages; and to the right, the  
  
Aryan  languages, seen in red. Then we come immediately to Armenian which is a
+
Armeno-Aryan  languages, seen in red. Then we come immediately to Armenian which is  
  
continuation of the red, followed by the yellow group that includes Persian; and  
+
a continuation of the red, followed by the yellow group that includes Persian; and  
  
subsequently to Sanskrit, that includes the Indian tongues: Hindi, Urdu, Bengali, etc.
+
subsequently to Sanskrit, that includes the Indian tongues: Hindi, Urdu, Bengali,  
  
Thus, we see that Armenian is closer to the Mother Tongue source than Persian and that
+
etc. Thus, we see that Armenian is closer to the Mother Tongue source than Persian  
  
Armenian and Persian are no longer believed to be derived from Sanskrit.
+
and that Armenian and Persian are no longer believed to be derived from Sanskrit.
  
 
Slide #7 –(Anatolia) – This slide shows the movement of the language.  
 
Slide #7 –(Anatolia) – This slide shows the movement of the language.  
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It is now believed that the Indo-European model originated in Anatolia, and spread west  
 
It is now believed that the Indo-European model originated in Anatolia, and spread west  
  
to Europe, and east to India. Also, it is now believed that the language spread, not by
+
to Europe, and east to India. Also, it is now believed that the language spread, not
  
horseback, as previously assumed, but by farming.  
+
by horseback, as previously assumed, but by farming.  
  
 
Slide #8 – (A suitable international language?)
 
Slide #8 – (A suitable international language?)
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There has been a great deal of interest in the formal adoption of an international  
 
There has been a great deal of interest in the formal adoption of an international  
  
language. Esperanto has been considered, but rejected as an artificial one that is dee
+
language. Esperanto has been considered, but rejected as an artificial one that is  
  
med undesirable. English, which has become important in international relations, has also
+
deemed undesirable. English, which has become important in international relations,  
  
been rejected on grounds that it is too difficult to learn.  
+
has also been rejected on grounds that it is too difficult to learn.  
  
 
Slide #9 – (Ough – bough, cough, dough, rough, through)
 
Slide #9 – (Ough – bough, cough, dough, rough, through)
  
Just take a look at these five English words that all end with the letters ough. They are all
+
Just take a look at these five English words that all end with the letters ough.  
  
pronounced differently:
+
They are all pronounced differently:
  
 
bough
 
bough
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That eminent playwright and music critic, George Bernard Shaw, called English a  
 
That eminent playwright and music critic, George Bernard Shaw, called English a  
  
ridiculous language. He said that he could take a word with the letters ghoti and make it
+
ridiculous language. He said that he could take a word with the letters ghoti and  
  
spell fish.  He would take the gh from the English word rough for f, the o from women
+
make it spell fish.  He would take the gh from the English word rough for f, the o  
  
for i, and the ti from nation for sh. Result-- Fish.  
+
from women for i, and the ti from nation for sh. Result-- Fish.  
  
 
Slide #11 – (Margaret Mead, Sol Tax, anthropologists)
 
Slide #11 – (Margaret Mead, Sol Tax, anthropologists)
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Anthropologists Margaret Mead and Sol Tax have recommended that Armenian be  
 
Anthropologists Margaret Mead and Sol Tax have recommended that Armenian be  
  
adopted formally as the international language for two reasons: One is that adoption of
+
adopted formally as the international language for two reasons: One is that adoption
  
the language of a larger or prominent country such as England, France or Germany would
+
of the language of a larger or prominent country such as England, France or Germany  
  
give that country significant political power. The other is that the proposed language
+
would give that country significant political power. The other is that the proposed  
  
should be relatively easy to
+
language should be relatively easy tolearn. Armenia fills the bill in both cases. It
  
learn. Armenia fills the bill in both cases. It is a small country with a small population,  
+
is a small country with a small population, and its language is easy to learn. With
  
and its language is easy to learn. With some minor exceptions, the written alphabet  
+
some minor exceptions, the written alphabet provides a single sound for every letter
  
provides a single sound for every letter and a single letter for every sound.  
+
and a single letter for every sound.  
  
Interaction among languages is quite common in history, and all languages borrow from
+
Interaction among languages is quite common in history, and all languages borrow  
  
others. Latin borrows from Greek; French, Italian, Spanish and Portuguese borrow from
+
from others. Latin borrows from Greek; French, Italian, Spanish and Portuguese  
  
Latin; and English borrows from everybody.  
+
borrow from Latin; and English borrows from everybody.  
  
Certainly Armenian borrows from the language of other cultures with which contact has
+
Certainly Armenian borrows from the language of other cultures with which contact  
  
been made, notably Persian, Greek, Arabic and Turkish. A language that borrows from
+
has been made, notably Persian, Greek, Arabic and Turkish. A language that borrows  
  
others is thereby enriched. Very often, to make a point, a good speaker will have recourse
+
from others is thereby enriched. Very often, to make a point, a good speaker will  
  
to a borrowed word in preference to a native one.  
+
have recourse to a borrowed word in preference to a native one.  
  
 
Slide # 12 – (O.K.)
 
Slide # 12 – (O.K.)
  
Can it be denied that the most successful English word (if you can call it that) to pervade
+
Can it be denied that the most successful English word (if you can call it that) to  
  
practically all other world languages is “O.K.?”  
+
pervade practically all other world languages is “O.K.?”  
  
 
English has been influenced by the same languages that have influenced Armenian,  
 
English has been influenced by the same languages that have influenced Armenian,  
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admiral.
 
admiral.
 
   
 
   
The Turkish influence on English is negligible. All we come away with is Turkish bath,
+
The Turkish influence on English is negligible. All we come away with is Turkish  
  
Turkish coffee, Turkish tobacco, Turkish towel, and Turkish delight, none of which are
+
bath,Turkish coffee, Turkish tobacco, Turkish towel, and Turkish delight, none of  
  
truly Turkish in origin.  
+
which are truly Turkish in origin.  
  
 
Slide # 15 - (Persian influence on Armenian)
 
Slide # 15 - (Persian influence on Armenian)
  
Armenian has likewise been influenced by interaction with Persian, Arabic, and Turkish. 
+
Armenian has likewise been influenced by interaction with Persian, Arabic, and  
  
Armenian use of Persian vocabulary includes, for example:
+
Turkish. Armenian use of Persian vocabulary includes, for example:
  
 
bakht to pakht (luck)
 
bakht to pakht (luck)
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language because he knew there were 200 loan words that Armenians borrowed from  
 
language because he knew there were 200 loan words that Armenians borrowed from  
  
Persian which were no longer in use by the Persian people. The Shah wanted to restore
+
Persian which were no longer in use by the Persian people. The Shah wanted to  
  
those words to the Persian language.
+
restore those words to the Persian language.
  
 
Krikor Pidedjian, esteemed Armenian Ethnomusicologist, had this to say about Aryan  
 
Krikor Pidedjian, esteemed Armenian Ethnomusicologist, had this to say about Aryan  
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comes to Persian and Armenian. Many people assumed Armenians derived words from  
 
comes to Persian and Armenian. Many people assumed Armenians derived words from  
  
the Persians. However, there are just as many words that the Persians derived from the
+
the Persians. However, there are just as many words that the Persians derived from  
  
Armenians."  
+
the Armenians."  
  
One that comes to mind is the word vard for the rose flower. The primary word for rose
+
One that comes to mind is the word vard for the rose flower. The primary word for  
  
in Persian is gul, and secondarily vard, which suggests that it came from vart, the
+
rose in Persian is gul, and secondarily vard, which suggests that it came from vart,  
  
Armenian word for rose.
+
the Armenian word for rose.
  
 
Slide #16 (Arabic influence on Armenian)
 
Slide #16 (Arabic influence on Armenian)
  
Armenians, especially in their dialects, make use of Arabic vocabulary –Examples are:
+
Armenians, especially in their dialects, make use of Arabic vocabulary –Examples  
 +
 
 +
are:
  
 
aman (woe, my God!)
 
aman (woe, my God!)
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lahana (cabbage)
 
lahana (cabbage)
  
Slide #18 = (terms used by Armenians that are not Turkish, as thought)
+
Slide #18 = (terms used by Armenians that are not Turkish, as thought)
  
 
However, we tend to give the Turks too much credit for some common terms that most  
 
However, we tend to give the Turks too much credit for some common terms that most  
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The original source of these words is Arabic.
 
The original source of these words is Arabic.
 
   
 
   
Lieutenant Colonel Harry Sachaklian, a career U.S. Air Force officer stationed in Turkey,
+
Lieutenant Colonel Harry Sachaklian, a career U.S. Air Force officer stationed in  
  
told me that the only truly Turkish vocabulary consists of military terms. The rest is all
+
Turkey, told me that the only truly Turkish vocabulary consists of military terms.  
  
borrowed. Now, that may be an overstatement, but there is a germ of truth in it.
+
The rest is all borrowed. Now, that may be an overstatement, but there is a germ of  
  
Turkish, after all, is a carrier language, the Turks having borrowed from all the cultures in
+
truth in it. Turkish, after all, is a carrier language, the Turks having borrowed  
  
their midst.
+
from all the cultures in their midst.
  
 
My father, Hagop Der Kasbarian, advised me that it was the Armenians who beautified  
 
My father, Hagop Der Kasbarian, advised me that it was the Armenians who beautified  
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Zargarian (jeweler)
 
Zargarian (jeweler)
 
   
 
   
In 1969, when I attended a military comptrollership course at Ft. Benjamin Harrison in
+
In 1969, when I attended a military comptrollership course at Ft. Benjamin Harrison  
  
Indianapolis, Indiana, there were two foreign service officers in our class, one Korean,
+
in Indianapolis, Indiana, there were two foreign service officers in our class, one  
  
and the other Iranian, whose name was Rezvanian. I introduced myself to him, and then
+
Korean, and the other Iranian, whose name was Rezvanian. I introduced myself to him,  
  
began conversing in Armenian. I saw immediately that he did not understand me, so I
+
and then began conversing in Armenian. I saw immediately that he did not understand  
  
apologized, and told him that I assumed he was Armenian because his last name ended in
+
me, so I apologized, and told him that I assumed he was Armenian because his last  
  
“IAN,” which in Armenian means “son of, family of, or issued from.” He then told me
+
name ended in “IAN,” which in Armenian means “son of, family of, or issued from.” He  
  
that many ethnic Persians have names that end with IAN.  
+
then told me that many ethnic Persians have names that end with IAN.  
  
 
Slide #21 - Examples of names that contain Arabic roots are:  
 
Slide #21 - Examples of names that contain Arabic roots are:  
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Slide #23 – (Names that are not Turkish in origin)
 
Slide #23 – (Names that are not Turkish in origin)
  
As with the general vocabulary, we tend to assume that many Armenian surnames reflect  
+
As with the general vocabulary, we tend to assume that many Armenian surnames  
 +
 
 +
reflect Turkish roots, when in fact a closer examination reveals that many of them
  
Turkish roots, when in fact a closer examination reveals that many of them are borrowed
+
are borrowed from Persian and Arabic, which were a significant part of the Ottoman
  
from Persian and Arabic, which were a significant part of the Ottoman Turkish language.
+
Turkish language.
  
 
Examples are:
 
Examples are:
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pronunciation, some Armenians have changed their family names. In some cases, it was  
 
pronunciation, some Armenians have changed their family names. In some cases, it was  
  
done by removing the "ian" ending, and in others, by adapting to the customs of a new
+
done by removing the "ian" ending, and in others, by adapting to the customs of a  
  
country. This practice, especially among the Armenian merchants who settled in  
+
new country. This practice, especially among the Armenian merchants who settled in  
  
India, has produced some surnames, which are very hard to recognize as being Armenian.  
+
India and Southeast Asia, has produced some surnames which are very hard to  
 +
 
 +
recognize as being Armenian.  
  
 
Examples are:
 
Examples are:
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one from others, would be referred to by trade, location, or parent affiliation. For  
 
one from others, would be referred to by trade, location, or parent affiliation. For  
  
example, Resartus the tailor, Isaac of York, Abou ben Adhem. Then, some time later, not
+
example, Resartus the tailor, Isaac of York, Abou ben Adhem. Then, some time later,  
  
too long ago, people adopted family or surnames, so we got Herman Miller, Hovsep  
+
not too long ago, people adopted family or surnames, so we got Herman Miller, Hovsep  
  
 
Shamlian, Jack Johnson.  
 
Shamlian, Jack Johnson.  
  
An interesting parallel can be drawn between the Jews of Germany and the Armenians of  
+
An interesting parallel can be drawn between the Jews of Germany and the Armenians of Turkey. In both cases, sometime about the eighteenth century, the rulers of those  
 
 
Turkey. In both cases, sometime about the eighteenth century, the rulers of those  
 
  
 
countries mandated the adoption of family names in the language of the host or  
 
countries mandated the adoption of family names in the language of the host or  
  
occupying countries.  
+
occupying countries. The difference is that whereas the German Jews were often
  
The difference is that whereas the German Jews were often permitted to select their
+
permitted to select theirnames, the Turkish Armenians were often assigned names by
  
names, the Turkish Armenians were often assigned names by local officials. Thus came  
+
local officials. Thus came about the adoption by Jews of beautiful names, such as:  
 
 
about the adoption by Jews of beautiful names, such as:  
 
  
 
Morgenthau (morning dew)
 
Morgenthau (morning dew)
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Saperstein (sapphire stone)
 
Saperstein (sapphire stone)
  
The Armenians, on the other hand, were as often as not given uncomplimentary names, in
+
The Armenians, on the other hand, were as often as not given uncomplimentary names,  
  
derision. For example:
+
in derision. For example:
  
 
Chirkinian (ugly)
 
Chirkinian (ugly)
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Slide # 26 – Aristocracy, Patronymic, Occupation, Geographic origin, Physical trait,  
 
Slide # 26 – Aristocracy, Patronymic, Occupation, Geographic origin, Physical trait,  
 
  
 
General descriptive, Special circumstances
 
General descriptive, Special circumstances
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Aristocracy  
 
Aristocracy  
  
Armenians who are direct descendants of dynastic nobility still carry their ancestral
+
Armenians who are direct descendants of dynastic nobility still carry their  
  
family names. These names usually have the ending "ouni". Examples:  
+
ancestral family names. These names usually have the ending "ouni". Examples:  
  
 
Arshagouni  
 
Arshagouni  
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Patronymic  
 
Patronymic  
  
Many Armenian surnames originate from the first name of an ancestor. This practice is very common among all nations of the world. Examples:
+
Many Armenian surnames originate from the first name of an ancestor. This practice  
 +
 
 +
is very common among all nations of the world. Examples:
  
 
Avedisian (Good news!)
 
Avedisian (Good news!)
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Occupation  
 
Occupation  
  
Some Armenian surnames are derived from a person’s profession or trade, or that of an
+
Some Armenian surnames are derived from a person’s profession or trade, or that of  
  
ancestor. These names (most have Arabic, Persian or Turkish origins) were assigned by
+
an ancestor. These names (most have Arabic, Persian or Turkish origins) were  
  
the taxation officers to help them identify individuals in their own language. Examples:
+
assigned by the taxation officers to help them identify individuals in their own  
 +
 
 +
language. Examples:
  
 
Chilingirian (locksmith)       
 
Chilingirian (locksmith)       
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Geographic origin  
 
Geographic origin  
  
 +
An Armenian who has migrated from a certain geographic region (city, town or
  
An Armenian who has migrated from a certain geographic region (city, town or village)  
+
village) in Armenia was typically given a surname which was based on his/her
  
in Armenia was typically given a surname which was based on his/her geographic origin.  
+
geographic origin.  
  
 
Examples:
 
Examples:
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A significant number of names are derived from obvious physical characteristic features
+
A significant number of names are derived from obvious physical characteristic  
The names often are not flattering, but the category is too extensive to be ignored.  
+
 
 +
features The names often are not flattering, but the category is too extensive to be  
 +
 
 +
ignored.  
 +
 
 
Examples:
 
Examples:
  
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This is a catch-all category that contains names that do not fit the other categories,
+
This is a catch-all category that contains names that do not fit the other  
  
Examples:
+
categories. Examples:
  
 
Mampreyan (fertile, fruitful)
 
Mampreyan (fertile, fruitful)
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An interesting category of names is that where some unusual occurrence or circumstance
+
An interesting category of names is that where some unusual occurrence or  
  
gave rise to the name.  
+
circumstance gave rise to the name. Examples:
 
 
Examples:
 
  
 
Choukhasouzian  (without a winter overcoat)
 
Choukhasouzian  (without a winter overcoat)
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I will explain the origin of these names later in the lecture.
 
I will explain the origin of these names later in the lecture.
  
Kathryn Manuelian has suggested the inclusion of yet another category, which is Biblical.
+
Kathryn Manuelian has suggested the inclusion of yet another category, which is  
  
This concept has merit as many Armenian surnames are derived from Biblical sources.
+
Biblical.This concept has merit as many Armenian surnames are derived from Biblical  
  
Examples are:
+
sources. Examples are:
  
 
Aprahamian (Father of peoples)
 
Aprahamian (Father of peoples)
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Mgrdichian (St. John the Baptist)
 
Mgrdichian (St. John the Baptist)
  
There is, of course, plenty of room for overlap. Many names can be classified as both
+
There is, of course, plenty of room for overlap. Many names can be classified as  
  
Biblical and patronymic. I came to realize that like the O prefix to Irish names, and the
+
both Biblical and patronymic. I came to realize that like the O prefix to Irish  
  
Mac prefix to Scottish names, practically all Armenian names with the suffix ian can be
+
names, and the Mac prefix to Scottish names, practically all Armenian names with the  
  
considered patronymic.  
+
suffix ian can be considered patronymic.  
  
  
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Slide #27 = (Detective work)
+
Slide #27 = (Detective work)
  
  
 
There are other names that require extensive detective work in order to get at their  
 
There are other names that require extensive detective work in order to get at their  
  
meaning.
+
meaning. Shareshian is a case in point.
 
 
  
Shareshian is a case in point.
+
According to Nicholas Shareshian, the father of a prominent Dikranagerdtsi family
  
According to Nicholas Shareshian, the father of a prominent Dikranagerdtsi family that
+
that resided in Union City, New Jersey, the name means black silk. Now, how do you
  
resided in Union City, New Jersey, the name means black silk. Now, how do you get  
+
get black silk from Shareshian?
 
 
black silk from Shareshian?
 
  
 
The Turkish word for silk is ipek.
 
The Turkish word for silk is ipek.
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In the course of my perusing an English-Armenian Dictionary published by Prof.  
 
In the course of my perusing an English-Armenian Dictionary published by Prof.  
  
Hagopian of Anatolia College, Merzifoun, Turkey, I came across the word for silk sieve,
+
Hagopian of Anatolia College, Merzifoun, Turkey, I came across the word for silk  
  
which was sharmagh. Further investigation revealed that the Armenian word for  
+
sieve, which was sharmagh. Further investigation revealed that the Armenian word for  
  
 
silkworm is sheram, and that sericulture is sherama-pou-dzou-tioun.
 
silkworm is sheram, and that sericulture is sherama-pou-dzou-tioun.
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Eshek is Turkish for donkey or ass. Nothing there, either.
 
Eshek is Turkish for donkey or ass. Nothing there, either.
  
Eshik in Turkish is a doorway threshold, or a violin bridge. In other words, that which is
+
Eshik in Turkish is a doorway threshold, or a violin bridge. In other words, that  
  
weight-bearing. No connection here, also.
+
which is weight-bearing. No connection here, also.
  
I, then, proceeded to check on the various words that were likely to yield the color black.
+
I, then, proceeded to check on the various words that were likely to yield the color  
  
The Armenian word for black is sev.
+
black. The Armenian word for black is sev. The Turkish word for black is kara.  
  
The Turkish word for black is kara. However, there is a secondary word for black used in  
+
However, there is a secondary word for black used in Turkish, borrowed by Ottoman
  
Turkish, borrowed by Ottoman Turkish from Persian, and that word is siyah.
+
Turkish from Persian, and that word is siyah.
  
 
Voila!  Siyah is Persian for black. It is also used in Turkish for black or dark.  
 
Voila!  Siyah is Persian for black. It is also used in Turkish for black or dark.  
  
It is possible that ‘share’ (of silk in Armenian, plus siyah (black in Persian = Sharesiyah
+
It is possible that ‘share’ (of silk in Armenian, plus siyah (black in Persian =  
  
plus ian = Sharesiyahian, which was contracted to Sharesian, subsequently became
+
Sharesiyah plus ian = Sharesiyahian, which was contracted to Sharesian, subsequently  
  
Shareshian.
+
became Shareshian.
  
 
   
 
   
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Slide # 28 – (Spelling and Country)
+
Slide # 28 – (Spelling and Country)
  
  
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Slide # 31 – (Altimarmakian)
 
Slide # 31 – (Altimarmakian)
  
Altiparmakian (T) One with six fingers. This can be taken literally, or figuratively.  
+
Altiparmakian (T) One with six fingers. This can be taken literally, or  
 +
 
 +
figuratively.  
  
 
Literally: I, myself, in my youth, knew of a dishwasher who worked at the Bergenline  
 
Literally: I, myself, in my youth, knew of a dishwasher who worked at the Bergenline  
  
Restaurant in Union City, N.J. who had six fingers on each hand. The sixth was a tiny
+
Restaurant in Union City, N.J. who had six fingers on each hand. The sixth was a  
  
finger adjoining the pinkie finger.
+
tiny finger adjoining the pinkie finger.
  
 
Figuratively: The name would be applied to someone who was possessed of great  
 
Figuratively: The name would be applied to someone who was possessed of great  
  
dexterity, such as a musician who played a string instrument with great skill so as to
+
dexterity, such as a musician who played a string instrument with great skill so as  
  
make one believe that he had six fingers. One such case is the master oud and violin
+
to make one believe that he had six fingers. One such case is the master oud and  
  
player Roupen Altiparmakian.  
+
violin player Roupen Altiparmakian of Fort Lee, New Jersey.  
  
 
   
 
   
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Arkun (T/A) According to Aram Arkun, currently the assistant editor of the Armenian  
 
Arkun (T/A) According to Aram Arkun, currently the assistant editor of the Armenian  
  
Mirror-Spectator, this is his reply to my question about the derivation and meaning of his
+
Mirror-Spectator, this is his reply to my question about the derivation and meaning  
  
surname:  
+
of his surname:  
  
 
“My Sepastatsi grandfather’s name was originally Yesai Karageuzian (which by the way  
 
“My Sepastatsi grandfather’s name was originally Yesai Karageuzian (which by the way  
  
means black or dark eyes). He is said to have traced his genealogy back 400 years to Van,  
+
means black or dark eyes). He is said to have traced his genealogy back 400 years to  
 +
 
 +
Van, with clergy in the family tree. Unfortunately, the information is lost to us.
  
with clergy in the family tree.  
+
My grandfather was a physician in the Turkish army during WW I. For obvious reasons
  
Unfortunately, the information is lost to us. My grandfather was a physician in the
+
he changed his name to Ismail Shevket.  
  
Turkish army during WW I. For obvious reasons he changed his name to Ismail Shevket.
+
His last name was probably formally changed during the name law in the 1930s to  
  
His last name was probably formally changed during the name law in the 1930s to Arkun.  
+
Arkun. My grandfather was an amateur philologist, and I perceive a correlation
  
My grandfather was an amateur philologist, and I perceive a correlation between Shevket
+
between Shevket and Arkun, which latter can be construed as both Armenian and  
  
and Arkun, which latter can be construed as both Armenian and Turkish. Shevket, in  
+
Turkish. Shevket, in Turkish, means majesty, pomp. Arkun, in Armenian, is a form of
  
Turkish, means majesty, pomp. Arkun, in Armenian, is a form of arka, a term used to  
+
arka, a term used to describe a king or royalty. Thus, Arkun (or Arkuni) would mean,
  
describe a king or royalty. Thus, Arkun (or Arkuni) would mean, of the royal court, or,  
+
of the royal court, or, belonging to the king. In Turkish, as far as I know, Arkun
  
belonging to the king. In Turkish, as far as I know, Arkun has two meanings: soft, gentle;  
+
has two meanings: soft, gentle; the name of a Mongol Ilkhanid ruler Arghun (the gh
  
the name of a Mongol Ilkhanid ruler Arghun (the gh sound changed to k in modern  
+
sound changed to k in modern Turkish.) For the foregoing reasons, there is only one
  
Turkish.) For the foregoing reasons, there is only one family group with the name Arkun.  
+
family group with the name Arkun.  
  
As an interesting aside, I would mention that during the 1930s name change law, those
+
As an interesting aside, I would mention that during the 1930s name change law,  
  
who had changed their names earlier now had to register their names. Others were forced
+
those who had changed their names earlier now had to register their names. Others  
  
to take on new names. For example, a couple on my mother’s side went together to the
+
were forced to take on new names. For example, a couple on my mother’s side went  
  
same registry official. One was given the name Karaboulout, black cloud, and the other
+
together to the same registry official. One was given the name Karaboulout, black  
  
Siyahboulout, also black cloud, siyah having been borrowed from Persian. The official
+
cloud, and the other Siyahboulout, also black cloud, siyah having been borrowed from  
  
was apparently playing a cruel joke on the couple by assigning different last names with
+
Persian. The official was apparently playing a cruel joke on the couple by assigning  
  
the same meaning. They had a great deal of difficulty in trying to get the same last name
+
different last names with the same meaning. They had a great deal of difficulty in  
  
for both husband and wife.”
+
trying to get the same last name for both husband and wife.”
  
 
   
 
   
Line 814: Line 823:
 
"My dad’s side of the family were from an area around Istanbul called Arnavoudkoy or  
 
"My dad’s side of the family were from an area around Istanbul called Arnavoudkoy or  
  
something like that. The area was named after it was settled by emigrants from European
+
something like that. The area was named after it was settled by emigrants from  
  
Albania called Arnavouds. The Arnavouds were divided in their religion, one part
+
European Albania called Arnavouds. The Arnavouds were divided in their religion, one  
  
Christian, the other Muslim. How they became Armenianised or why our family adopted
+
part Christian, the other Muslim. How they became Armenianised or why our family  
  
this name if they were not actually Arnavouds will remain an eternal mystery."
+
adopted this name if they were not actually Arnavouds will remain an eternal  
 +
 
 +
mystery."
  
 
Slide # 34 – (Boujicanian)
 
Slide # 34 – (Boujicanian)
Line 837: Line 848:
 
Choukhasouzian:  (T) Without a winter overcoat.
 
Choukhasouzian:  (T) Without a winter overcoat.
  
Now, chukha in Turkish is a kind of broadcloth used in the manufacture of heavy coats,
+
Now, chukha in Turkish is a kind of broadcloth used in the manufacture of heavy  
  
and by extension synonymous with winter overcoat. The suffix souz means without.
+
coats, and by extension synonymous with winter overcoat. The suffix souz means  
  
Thus: without an overcoat. I wasn’t sure if it meant that the bearer of the name could not
+
without. Thus: without an overcoat. I wasn’t sure if it meant that the bearer of the  
  
afford an overcoat, or that he didn’t need one.
+
name could not afford an overcoat, or that he didn’t need one.
  
 
It wasn’t until I was introduced by my brother-in-law Ardashes Hamparian to a family  
 
It wasn’t until I was introduced by my brother-in-law Ardashes Hamparian to a family  
Line 851: Line 862:
 
Emeritus of Art History at Yerevan State University. When he was visiting the U.S.,  
 
Emeritus of Art History at Yerevan State University. When he was visiting the U.S.,  
  
Levon advised that the name began with an ancestor, in Sepastia, when he bravely went  
+
Levon advised that the name began with an ancestor, in Sepastia, when he bravely  
 +
 
 +
went out in winter without an overcoat. Levon also stated that all the persons with
  
out in winter without an overcoat. Levon also stated that all the persons with that surname
+
that surname and variations thereof are related, including Lily Chookasian, the  
  
and variations thereof are related, including Lily Chookasian, the famous opera singer.
+
famous opera singer.
  
 
Slide # 37 – (Dadekian)
 
Slide # 37 – (Dadekian)
  
  
Dadekian: (A) According to Zaven Dadekian, this surname was originally Dadekhian.  
+
Dadekian: (H/P) According to Zaven Dadekian, this surname was originally Dadekhian.  
  
Research confirms this, and furthermore reveals that Dadekh is a variant of Dadegh, in
+
Research confirms this, and furthermore reveals that Dadekh is a variant of Dadegh,  
  
turn a variant of Dadagh, which is a conflation of Dada and agha, Dada being the  
+
in turn a variant of Dadagh, which is a conflation of Dada and agha, Dada being the  
  
diminutive for David, and agha a term of respect for a gentleman, sir; therefore, David
+
diminutive for David, and agha a term of respect for a gentleman, sir; therefore,  
  
the gentleman.
+
David the gentleman.
 
   
 
   
  
Line 885: Line 898:
  
  
Hajakian: (Ab/H) This is a true story told to me by a bearer of the name Hajakian. Once
+
Hajakian: (Ab/H) This is a true story told to me by a bearer of the name Hajakian.  
  
there lived a man named Hagop who was a supervisor at the stable of the Padishah of the  
+
Once there lived a man named Hagop who was a supervisor at the stable of the  
  
land. His jovial disposition and assiduous attitude for his work had earned him an
+
Padishah of the land. His jovial disposition and assiduous attitude for his work had  
  
unswerving trust of his employer, his master, his king. The people around him, the Turks,
+
earned him an unswerving trust of his employer, his master, his king. The people  
  
could not pronounce his Armenian name, Hagop. Instead they called him AKUH. One
+
around him, the Turks, could not pronounce his Armenian name, Hagop. Instead they  
  
bright day the Padishah received a gift from some prince. It was a most ravishing,
+
called him AKUH. One bright day the Padishah received a gift from some prince. It  
  
gorgeous looking, rare breed of an Arabian white horse. Akuh, the horse keeper, fell in
+
was a most ravishing, gorgeous looking, rare breed of an Arabian white horse. Akuh,  
  
love with this horse and decided to steal it and ride all the way to Jerusalem. He
+
the horse keeper, fell in love with this horse and decided to steal it and ride all  
  
disappeared for seven years never to be heard from.
+
the way to Jerusalem. He disappeared for seven years never to be heard from.
 
   
 
   
  
The Padishah, realizing that Akuh was more valuable to him than just a horse, issued a  
+
The Padishah, realizing that Akuh was more valuable to him than just a horse, issued  
 +
 
 +
a Firman (an edict) declaring that he had forgiven Akuh for his misdemeanor and that
  
Firman (an edict) declaring that he had forgiven Akuh for his misdemeanor and that
+
wherever this Akuh was he should return to the court and resume his work at the
  
wherever this Akuh was he should return to the court and resume his work at the stable.
+
stable.
 
   
 
   
Lo and behold, Akuh returned home with a big welcome to spend the rest of his life as a
+
Lo and behold, Akuh returned home with a big welcome to spend the rest of his life  
  
contrite employee and determined to make up for his mistake. The horse had passed away
+
as a contrite employee and determined to make up for his mistake. The horse had  
  
but in Jerusalem Akuh became emblazoned with a cross tattooed on his wrist thus
+
passed away but in Jerusalem Akuh became emblazoned with a cross tattooed on his  
  
becoming a Hadji. The Turks, thereafter, call him HADJI AKUH.
+
wrist thus becoming a Hadji. The Turks, thereafter, call him HADJI AKUH.
 
   
 
   
 
This story was told to me by Yeghishe Hajakian of New Jersey. Hadji Akuh was  
 
This story was told to me by Yeghishe Hajakian of New Jersey. Hadji Akuh was  
Line 1,287: Line 1,302:
  
 
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UzbNyJ_b0tA
 
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UzbNyJ_b0tA
 
 
{{SurnamesAZ}}
 

Revision as of 17:56, 15 January 2019

Reading Lecture (On line) What’s in a Name? The Etymology of Armenian Surnames By C.K. Garabed

Slide #1 – (title of presentation)

Dear friends:

I wish to emphasize, first and foremost, that I am not a linguist or philologist, and

certainly not an expert on names or languages. I am simply an ordinary fellow who has

taken an interest in Armenian surnames. Forty years ago, I started collecting names from

church telephone directories and donor lists as a hobby; at first manually, then with the

aid of a personal computer. I have collected well over 10,000 names to date, though not

all of them are defined yet. The task of collecting names has been made easier by the

publication of the UNIARTS Armenian White Pages telephone directory in California.

Also, what greatly facilitated my work were the dictionaries that were provided me by

my daughter, Lucine, and good friend, Cesar Chekijian. Of course, there were many other

friends who helped me in my work, one way or another. Their names are listed at the end

of this lecture online.

Curiosity was my first motivation for exploring the subject of Armenian family names.

How-ever, I then came to appreciate the diverse nature of Armenian surnames, which

appear to cover the gamut of our ancestors’ life activities in the Old Country. I found that

many interesting and unusual names cannot be deciphered merely by looking them up in

books, but also require knowledge of the circumstances leading to the formation of such

names. In many cases, direct contact with their owners is needed in order to get the

insiders’ views.

With names like Bajaksouzian, which means legless, for a short man; Soghanyemezian,

which means one who does not eat onions; and Srmakeshkhanlian, which means

owner/worker of a factory where gold/silver thread is drawn,. I sometimes think we

Armenians, more than any other ethnic group, possess the most fascinating surnames.

Incidentally, Armenian writer Yervant Srmakeshkhanlian chose the name Yeroukhan as

his pen name, a truncation and blending of his first and last names.

In the course of my investigations, I was struck by how many Armenians didn’t know the

meaning of their names. When some of them learned of my hobby, they would ask me to

find out the meaning of their surnames. I would try to comply with such requests as best

as I could, and if I were successful, it would highly please the requestor. For my part, it

was a distinct pleasure to conduct research and then pass on the results. I felt gratified in

helping people learn more about their names.

Now for my lecture –


What's in a Name?

(The Etymology of Armenian Surnames)

Slide #2 – (Sources)

The following are segments of an illustration by David S. Merrill for an article titled “The

Mother Tongue” published in U.S. News & World Report magazine on November 5,

1990.

Slide #3 –(Mother Tongue)

Let’s start with the Indo-European language branch of the human language tree. An

original Mother Tongue, the provenance of which has never been determined, is the

source of the Indo-European branch, seen in the highlighted area, which includes

Armenian.

Slide #4 –(Indo-European Branch)

Recent scholarship suggests that, contrary to what was believed to be true of the order of

languages in the branch, Armenian has now been given a more prominent place.

Starting from the base of the ProtoIndo-European branch, we see the European languages

off to the left; and then to the right are the Anatolian languages, which are extinct; and

then, in between, is the Aryano-Greco-Armenio branch.

Slide #5 – The following is a segment of the same illustration, enlarged and colorized.

Slide #6 – (The Aryano-Greco-Armenio branch)

From that orange point to the left are the Greek languages; and to the right, the

Armeno-Aryan languages, seen in red. Then we come immediately to Armenian which is

a continuation of the red, followed by the yellow group that includes Persian; and

subsequently to Sanskrit, that includes the Indian tongues: Hindi, Urdu, Bengali,

etc. Thus, we see that Armenian is closer to the Mother Tongue source than Persian

and that Armenian and Persian are no longer believed to be derived from Sanskrit.

Slide #7 –(Anatolia) – This slide shows the movement of the language.

It is now believed that the Indo-European model originated in Anatolia, and spread west

to Europe, and east to India. Also, it is now believed that the language spread, not

by horseback, as previously assumed, but by farming. 

Slide #8 – (A suitable international language?)

There has been a great deal of interest in the formal adoption of an international

language. Esperanto has been considered, but rejected as an artificial one that is

deemed undesirable. English, which has become important in international relations,

has also been rejected on grounds that it is too difficult to learn.

Slide #9 – (Ough – bough, cough, dough, rough, through)

Just take a look at these five English words that all end with the letters ough.

They are all pronounced differently:

bough

cough

dough

rough

through

Slide #10 – (Ghoti = fish: Shaw)

That eminent playwright and music critic, George Bernard Shaw, called English a

ridiculous language. He said that he could take a word with the letters ghoti and

make it spell fish. He would take the gh from the English word rough for f, the o

from women for i, and the ti from nation for sh. Result-- Fish.

Slide #11 – (Margaret Mead, Sol Tax, anthropologists)

Anthropologists Margaret Mead and Sol Tax have recommended that Armenian be

adopted formally as the international language for two reasons: One is that adoption

of the language of a larger or prominent country such as England, France or Germany

would give that country significant political power. The other is that the proposed

language should be relatively easy tolearn. Armenia fills the bill in both cases. It

is a small country with a small population, and its language is easy to learn. With

some minor exceptions, the written alphabet provides a single sound for every letter

and a single letter for every sound.

Interaction among languages is quite common in history, and all languages borrow

from others. Latin borrows from Greek; French, Italian, Spanish and Portuguese

borrow from Latin; and English borrows from everybody.

Certainly Armenian borrows from the language of other cultures with which contact

has been made, notably Persian, Greek, Arabic and Turkish. A language that borrows

from others is thereby enriched. Very often, to make a point, a good speaker will

have recourse to a borrowed word in preference to a native one.

Slide # 12 – (O.K.)

Can it be denied that the most successful English word (if you can call it that) to

pervade practically all other world languages is “O.K.?”

English has been influenced by the same languages that have influenced Armenian,

notably Persian and Arabic.

Slide # 13 – (Persian influence on English)

Persian influence on English can be seen in the following:

cummerbund: kamarband (waistband)

orange: naranj (The letter n shifted from a naranj to an orange)

checkmate: shahmat (The king is dead).

   (

Persian/ Arabic)

Slide # 14 = (Arabic influence on English)

Arabic influence on English can be seen in the following:

algebra: al jabra ( reduction of parts to a whole).

cipher: sifr (zero), which has come to mean a code. Arabic numerals provide a

flexibility that Roman numerals cannot. One wonders how the Romans, with their

cumbersome numerical system, were able to divide their enemies, and multiply

their conquests.

admiral: amir al bahr (lord of the sea). There’s nothing admirable about an

admiral.

The Turkish influence on English is negligible. All we come away with is Turkish

bath,Turkish coffee, Turkish tobacco, Turkish towel, and Turkish delight, none of

which are truly Turkish in origin.

Slide # 15 - (Persian influence on Armenian)

Armenian has likewise been influenced by interaction with Persian, Arabic, and

Turkish. Armenian use of Persian vocabulary includes, for example:

bakht to pakht (luck)

dushvar to tuzhvar (difficult)

pil to pigh (elephant)

Mardo Soghomian, a former staff member of the Armenian Prelacy of NY, told me that

the father of the last Shah of Iran commissioned his scholars to study the Armenian

language because he knew there were 200 loan words that Armenians borrowed from

Persian which were no longer in use by the Persian people. The Shah wanted to

restore those words to the Persian language.

Krikor Pidedjian, esteemed Armenian Ethnomusicologist, had this to say about Aryan

languages: "There is some question as to which language influenced which when it

comes to Persian and Armenian. Many people assumed Armenians derived words from

the Persians. However, there are just as many words that the Persians derived from

the Armenians."

One that comes to mind is the word vard for the rose flower. The primary word for

rose in Persian is gul, and secondarily vard, which suggests that it came from vart,

the Armenian word for rose.

Slide #16 (Arabic influence on Armenian)

Armenians, especially in their dialects, make use of Arabic vocabulary –Examples

are:

aman (woe, my God!)

Haji (pilgrim)

mashallah (how amazing!)

Slide #17 – (Turkish words used by Armenians)

Having lived for centuries with the Turks, who occupied the Armenian homeland, it

would be remarkable if the Armenians had not adopted many Turkish terms in their

everyday speech. Some Turkish words regularly used by Armenians, especially in the

towns and cities with mixed populations, are:

chojouk (child)

chuplak (naked)

lahana (cabbage)

Slide #18 = (terms used by Armenians that are not Turkish, as thought)

However, we tend to give the Turks too much credit for some common terms that most

people are familiar with and use in their daily conversation. Examples are:

finjan (coffee cup)

jan (term of endearment)

zourna (wind instrument)

The original source of these words is Persian.

We also have:

geuzel (graceful)

kahve (coffee)

tanjara (pot)

The original source of these words is Arabic.

Lieutenant Colonel Harry Sachaklian, a career U.S. Air Force officer stationed in

Turkey, told me that the only truly Turkish vocabulary consists of military terms.

The rest is all borrowed. Now, that may be an overstatement, but there is a germ of

truth in it. Turkish, after all, is a carrier language, the Turks having borrowed

from all the cultures in their midst.

My father, Hagop Der Kasbarian, advised me that it was the Armenians who beautified

the Turkish language.

Slide #19 = (Martayan)

This brings to mind the name Martayan, which is Turkish for mistress, and the family

name of Hagop Martayan, commissioned by Mustafa Kemal to modernize the Turkish

alphabet, and was given the title of Dilachar, tongue-opener.

What is true of the general vocabulary is also true of surnames.

Slide #20 - Examples of Armenian names that contain Persian roots are:

Goulkhasian (best variety of rose)

Shahbazian (royal falcon)

Zargarian (jeweler)

In 1969, when I attended a military comptrollership course at Ft. Benjamin Harrison

in Indianapolis, Indiana, there were two foreign service officers in our class, one

Korean, and the other Iranian, whose name was Rezvanian. I introduced myself to him,

and then began conversing in Armenian. I saw immediately that he did not understand

me, so I apologized, and told him that I assumed he was Armenian because his last

name ended in “IAN,” which in Armenian means “son of, family of, or issued from.” He

then told me that many ethnic Persians have names that end with IAN.

Slide #21 - Examples of names that contain Arabic roots are:

Habeshian (native of Abyssinia or Ethiopia)

Jelalian (majesty, glory)

Maksoudian (design, intention)

Slide #22 - Examples of names that contain Turkish roots:

Examples of names that contain Turkish roots are:

Boyajian (painter, dyer, or artist)

Deirmenjian (miller)

Kazanjian (kettle, boiler or cauldron maker)

Slide #23 – (Names that are not Turkish in origin)

As with the general vocabulary, we tend to assume that many Armenian surnames

reflect Turkish roots, when in fact a closer examination reveals that many of them

are borrowed from Persian and Arabic, which were a significant part of the Ottoman

Turkish language.

Examples are:

Najjarian (carpenter) from Arabic

Nalbandian (blacksmith specializing in the shoeing of horses) from Persian

Nakashian (engraver) from Arabic

Slide #24 – (Modified Armenian names India)

Because of the length of some Armenian surnames and the difficulty in their

pronunciation, some Armenians have changed their family names. In some cases, it was

done by removing the "ian" ending, and in others, by adapting to the customs of a

new country. This practice, especially among the Armenian merchants who settled in

India and Southeast Asia, has produced some surnames which are very hard to

recognize as being Armenian.

Examples are:

Asdvadzadourian (God-given) evolved to Chater

Haroutiunian (resurrection) to Arathoon

Mardirosian (martyr) to Martyrose

Mgrdichian (baptist) to Mackertich

Sarkisian (rainbow) to Serkies

Slide # 25 – (The Armenians and the Jews)

There was a time when people were known by one name, and if necessary to distinguish

one from others, would be referred to by trade, location, or parent affiliation. For

example, Resartus the tailor, Isaac of York, Abou ben Adhem. Then, some time later,

not too long ago, people adopted family or surnames, so we got Herman Miller, Hovsep

Shamlian, Jack Johnson.

An interesting parallel can be drawn between the Jews of Germany and the Armenians of Turkey. In both cases, sometime about the eighteenth century, the rulers of those

countries mandated the adoption of family names in the language of the host or

occupying countries. The difference is that whereas the German Jews were often

permitted to select theirnames, the Turkish Armenians were often assigned names by

local officials. Thus came about the adoption by Jews of beautiful names, such as:

Morgenthau (morning dew)

Schoenberg (beautiful mountain)

Blumenthal (blooming dale)

Mandelbaum (almond tree)

Saperstein (sapphire stone)

The Armenians, on the other hand, were as often as not given uncomplimentary names,

in derision. For example:

Chirkinian (ugly)

Jambazian (swindler)

Tekirian (marked with spots)

Topalian (lame, crippled)

Zouloumian (cruel, oppressive)

Armenian names may possess endings such as ian, iantz, oghlu and ov, but their

stems determine their basic meaning, Armenian surnames can be classed generally in

seven categories, such as:

Slide # 26 – Aristocracy, Patronymic, Occupation, Geographic origin, Physical trait,

General descriptive, Special circumstances


Aristocracy

Armenians who are direct descendants of dynastic nobility still carry their

ancestral family names. These names usually have the ending "ouni". Examples:

Arshagouni

Ardzrouni

Rshdouni

Patronymic

Many Armenian surnames originate from the first name of an ancestor. This practice

is very common among all nations of the world. Examples:

Avedisian (Good news!) Garabedian (Forerunner) Hagopian (Jacob)

Occupation

Some Armenian surnames are derived from a person’s profession or trade, or that of

an ancestor. These names (most have Arabic, Persian or Turkish origins) were

assigned by the taxation officers to help them identify individuals in their own

language. Examples:

Chilingirian (locksmith)

Demirjian (blacksmith)

Tashjian (stonemason)

Geographic origin

An Armenian who has migrated from a certain geographic region (city, town or

village) in Armenia was typically given a surname which was based on his/her

geographic origin.

Examples:

Izmirlian (native of Izmir)

Marashian (native of Marash)

Vanetsian (native of Van)

Physical trait


A significant number of names are derived from obvious physical characteristic

features The names often are not flattering, but the category is too extensive to be

ignored.

Examples:

Bournazian (large nose)

Cholakian (crippled)

Shashoyan (squint-eyed)

General descriptive


This is a catch-all category that contains names that do not fit the other

categories. Examples:

Mampreyan (fertile, fruitful)

Yotnakhparian (seven brothers)

Servantsdiantz (contemporary, up-to-date)

Special circumstances


An interesting category of names is that where some unusual occurrence or

circumstance gave rise to the name. Examples:

Choukhasouzian (without a winter overcoat)

Haviters (contrary nap)

Kherdian (break and run)


I will explain the origin of these names later in the lecture.

Kathryn Manuelian has suggested the inclusion of yet another category, which is

Biblical.This concept has merit as many Armenian surnames are derived from Biblical

sources. Examples are:

Aprahamian (Father of peoples)

Hampartsoumian (Ascension of Jesus Christ)

Mgrdichian (St. John the Baptist)

There is, of course, plenty of room for overlap. Many names can be classified as

both Biblical and patronymic. I came to realize that like the O prefix to Irish

names, and the Mac prefix to Scottish names, practically all Armenian names with the

suffix ian can be considered patronymic.


Some obscure names can be deciphered fairly easily, such as:

Bohajian for Boyajian (painter)

Kahaumjian for Kouyoumjian (jeweler)

Kerbeykian for Kurbuyukian (which means grey moustache), and

Akim Tamiroff, the name of the noted actor of Armenian ancestry, where Akim is

the diminutive for Hovakim (the father of St. Mary), and Tamiroff is the Russian

form of Demirjian (blacksmith)


Slide #27 = (Detective work)


There are other names that require extensive detective work in order to get at their

meaning. Shareshian is a case in point.

According to Nicholas Shareshian, the father of a prominent Dikranagerdtsi family

that resided in Union City, New Jersey, the name means black silk. Now, how do you

get black silk from Shareshian?

The Turkish word for silk is ipek.

The Arabic and Persian words for silk are abrishoom, abrishim, and ibrishim.

The Armenian word for silk is medaks, which, however, is borrowed from the Greek

word for silk, metaxi.

Well, where do we go from here?

In the course of my perusing an English-Armenian Dictionary published by Prof.

Hagopian of Anatolia College, Merzifoun, Turkey, I came across the word for silk

sieve, which was sharmagh. Further investigation revealed that the Armenian word for

silkworm is sheram, and that sericulture is sherama-pou-dzou-tioun.

Here, then, was an important clue. The shar portion of the name was validated as

meaning silk.

Now, what about esh?

Esh is Armenian for donkey or ass. Nothing pertinent there.

Esh in Turkish can mean one of a pair; a husband, wife, or mate. Nothing there.

Eshek is Turkish for donkey or ass. Nothing there, either.

Eshik in Turkish is a doorway threshold, or a violin bridge. In other words, that

which is weight-bearing. No connection here, also.

I, then, proceeded to check on the various words that were likely to yield the color

black. The Armenian word for black is sev. The Turkish word for black is kara.

However, there is a secondary word for black used in Turkish, borrowed by Ottoman

Turkish from Persian, and that word is siyah.

Voila! Siyah is Persian for black. It is also used in Turkish for black or dark.

It is possible that ‘share’ (of silk in Armenian, plus siyah (black in Persian =

Sharesiyah plus ian = Sharesiyahian, which was contracted to Sharesian, subsequently

became Shareshian.


P.S. The Shareshians were prominent members of the Union City “Arsen” AYF chapter.

Ann was a perennial member of the executive board, and the brothers Boubo and Dick,

were players on the famed Union City basketball team. Dick’s

son, John, is a professor of mathematics at Washington University in St. Louis. His

younger son, Steven, is a producer of award winning TV and movie films, such as “My

Big Fat Greek Wedding,” “John Adams,” and “Game Change.”


Slide # 28 – (Spelling and Country)


The spelling of a name can vary depending on the country to which the owner of the

name has immigrated.

Keshishian (English) vs. Kechichian (French) which means priest

Haroutiounian (English) vs. Arutunyan (Russian) which means resurrection

Ohanesian (English) vs. Oganesyan (Russian) which means John

Vapurdjian (French) vs. Vapurciyan (Turkish) which means steamship owner or

operator

Slide # 29 - Other Strange, Humorous and Unusual Names


Slide #30 – (Ajelejian)

Ajelejian: (T) Someone always in a hurry.


Slide # 31 – (Altimarmakian)

Altiparmakian (T) One with six fingers. This can be taken literally, or

figuratively.

Literally: I, myself, in my youth, knew of a dishwasher who worked at the Bergenline

Restaurant in Union City, N.J. who had six fingers on each hand. The sixth was a

tiny finger adjoining the pinkie finger.

Figuratively: The name would be applied to someone who was possessed of great

dexterity, such as a musician who played a string instrument with great skill so as

to make one believe that he had six fingers. One such case is the master oud and

violin player Roupen Altiparmakian of Fort Lee, New Jersey.


Slide # 32 – (Arkun)


Arkun (T/A) According to Aram Arkun, currently the assistant editor of the Armenian

Mirror-Spectator, this is his reply to my question about the derivation and meaning

of his surname:

“My Sepastatsi grandfather’s name was originally Yesai Karageuzian (which by the way

means black or dark eyes). He is said to have traced his genealogy back 400 years to

Van, with clergy in the family tree. Unfortunately, the information is lost to us.

My grandfather was a physician in the Turkish army during WW I. For obvious reasons

he changed his name to Ismail Shevket.

His last name was probably formally changed during the name law in the 1930s to

Arkun. My grandfather was an amateur philologist, and I perceive a correlation

between Shevket and Arkun, which latter can be construed as both Armenian and

Turkish. Shevket, in Turkish, means majesty, pomp. Arkun, in Armenian, is a form of

arka, a term used to describe a king or royalty. Thus, Arkun (or Arkuni) would mean,

of the royal court, or, belonging to the king. In Turkish, as far as I know, Arkun

has two meanings: soft, gentle; the name of a Mongol Ilkhanid ruler Arghun (the gh

sound changed to k in modern Turkish.) For the foregoing reasons, there is only one

family group with the name Arkun.

As an interesting aside, I would mention that during the 1930s name change law,

those who had changed their names earlier now had to register their names. Others

were forced to take on new names. For example, a couple on my mother’s side went

together to the same registry official. One was given the name Karaboulout, black

cloud, and the other Siyahboulout, also black cloud, siyah having been borrowed from

Persian. The official was apparently playing a cruel joke on the couple by assigning

different last names with the same meaning. They had a great deal of difficulty in

trying to get the same last name for both husband and wife.”


Slide # 33 – (Arnavoudian)


Arnavoudian (Al) Eddie Arnavoudian, who is a regular contributor to The Groong

Armenian News Network, has the following to say about his family name as it was

handed down to him:


"My dad’s side of the family were from an area around Istanbul called Arnavoudkoy or

something like that. The area was named after it was settled by emigrants from

European Albania called Arnavouds. The Arnavouds were divided in their religion, one

part Christian, the other Muslim. How they became Armenianised or why our family

adopted this name if they were not actually Arnavouds will remain an eternal

mystery."

Slide # 34 – (Boujicanian)


Boujicanian (T) Buchuk: half; an: man; half a man for a short man.


Slide # 35 – (Boynoubouroukian)

Boynoubouroukian (T) One with a twisted neck.


Slide # 36 – (Choukhasouzian)

Choukhasouzian: (T) Without a winter overcoat.

Now, chukha in Turkish is a kind of broadcloth used in the manufacture of heavy

coats, and by extension synonymous with winter overcoat. The suffix souz means

without. Thus: without an overcoat. I wasn’t sure if it meant that the bearer of the

name could not afford an overcoat, or that he didn’t need one.

It wasn’t until I was introduced by my brother-in-law Ardashes Hamparian to a family

relative, Levon Chookaszian that I was able to settle the matter. Levon is Professor

Emeritus of Art History at Yerevan State University. When he was visiting the U.S.,

Levon advised that the name began with an ancestor, in Sepastia, when he bravely

went out in winter without an overcoat. Levon also stated that all the persons with

that surname and variations thereof are related, including Lily Chookasian, the

famous opera singer.

Slide # 37 – (Dadekian)


Dadekian: (H/P) According to Zaven Dadekian, this surname was originally Dadekhian.

Research confirms this, and furthermore reveals that Dadekh is a variant of Dadegh,

in turn a variant of Dadagh, which is a conflation of Dada and agha, Dada being the

diminutive for David, and agha a term of respect for a gentleman, sir; therefore,

David the gentleman.


Slide # 38 – (Deoshoghlanian)


Deoshoghlanian (T) Deosh: breast; oghlan: boy; literally breast boy; figuratively, a

young man who proudly thrusts his chest forward. This comes compliments of Rosine

Deoshoghlanian Hovsepian of New Jersey, whose ancestor was given this name for the

figurative reason.

Slide #39 – (Hajakian)


Hajakian: (Ab/H) This is a true story told to me by a bearer of the name Hajakian.

Once there lived a man named Hagop who was a supervisor at the stable of the

Padishah of the land. His jovial disposition and assiduous attitude for his work had

earned him an unswerving trust of his employer, his master, his king. The people

around him, the Turks, could not pronounce his Armenian name, Hagop. Instead they

called him AKUH. One bright day the Padishah received a gift from some prince. It

was a most ravishing, gorgeous looking, rare breed of an Arabian white horse. Akuh,

the horse keeper, fell in love with this horse and decided to steal it and ride all

the way to Jerusalem. He disappeared for seven years never to be heard from.


The Padishah, realizing that Akuh was more valuable to him than just a horse, issued

a Firman (an edict) declaring that he had forgiven Akuh for his misdemeanor and that

wherever this Akuh was he should return to the court and resume his work at the

stable.

Lo and behold, Akuh returned home with a big welcome to spend the rest of his life

as a contrite employee and determined to make up for his mistake. The horse had

passed away but in Jerusalem Akuh became emblazoned with a cross tattooed on his

wrist thus becoming a Hadji. The Turks, thereafter, call him HADJI AKUH.

This story was told to me by Yeghishe Hajakian of New Jersey. Hadji Akuh was

Yeghishe’s great, great, great, great grandfather.

Yeghishe was born in Lebanon as Hadjiakuhian (son of Hadji Akuh). It was too long, so

he shortened it to Hajakian.

I made certain to include Yeghishe’s story here as a remembrance of our dear friend who

passed away last week after a valiant battle with cancer.


Slide # 40 – (Haviters)


Haviters: (T) In the city of Sepastia in Historic Armenia, there lived and worked two

master rug weavers. A wealthy resident of the city wished to have a rug woven and

commissioned one of the weavers to do the job. The weaver commenced the work, but

halfway through, he died of consumption. The wealthy man who had commissioned the

work then approached the other weaver to complete the job. This other master weaver

accepted the offer, but being a proud artisan, decided to complete the job his own way.

So, instead of picking up where the other had left off, he commenced from the other side

and when he had gone for enough, joined the two parts. In doing so he ended up creating

a rug with the nap going in opposite directions. This became a source for his being named

haviters, hav (khav in old Turkish) meaning nap, and ters meaning contrary. Previously,

the family name had been Manougian (which, by the way, means youth).


(This comes compliments of grandson Mircan Haviters of Farmingdale, NY, whose ancestors moved from Van to Sepastia 1030 years ago.)


Slide # 41 – (Jingabedoghlu)


Jingabedoghlu: (T/A) A certain family migrated to the U.S.A. from Istanbul, Turkey

with this unique name. The original name of the family was Mgrdichian. However, the

grandfather, who had a given name of Garabed, earned the name of Jin-Garabed because

he was shrewdly intelligent; jin in Turkish from Arabic being a genie or intelligent man.

Jin-Garabed was, in time, abbreviated to Jin-Gabed, and thus the family name became

Jingabedoghlu, or son of Jingabed.

Slide # 42 – (Kanayan)


Kanayan: (T) Kan is Turkish for blood or bloody. From Khudaverdi in the Lake Urmia

region there came 5 brothers to Igdir. They were a rough crowd, and became land barons;

then became respectable.

(This comes compliments of Mardig Kanayan, son of General Dro, whose full name was

Drastamat Kanayan.)


Slide # 43 – (Kardashian)


Perhaps the best known Armenians in the United States are the Kardashian sisters. The

name Kardash means “brother” in Turkish and “stone mason” in Armenian. Courtney

Kardashian, sister of Kim, named her son Mason, which leads us to believe that there

may have been masons somewhere in the Kardashian family tree.


Slide # 44 – (Kavazanjian)


Kavazanjian: (A/T) Staff/cane maker or seller. [Minas Arakelian suggests that kavazan

is derived from the Persian words gav for cow, and asa for rod or stick. Thus, a cow

prod.]

This reminds me of a Nasreddin Khoja tale. Someone who was skeptical of Khoja’s

reputation as a great teacher, decide to put him to the test by asking, “What do you call a

baby cow?” to which Khoja replied, “We don’t call it anything. We wait for it to grow up

and then call it a cow.”

(Slide # 45) - Kherdian


Kherdian: (T) Truncation of kherd-kach: break and run.

The Kherdian sub-clan traces back to a common ancestor. The name of the entire clan

was Bakaian. One part of the clan became Kherdian as a result of the following event:

Garabed Kherdian, was a carpenter by trade. One day a Turk from a neighboring village

came to Khulakugh (a village near Kharpert City) and asked Grandfather Garabed to

make and hang a door for him. When the job was completed, Grandfather Garabed went

to see the Turk to get paid. The Turk told him that he did not have the money that day

and that Grandfather should come back another day. Each time Grandfather went to see

the Turk to get paid, he got the same answer. Finally, he was convinced that the Turk had

no intention of paying him.


So Garabed came up with a plan. Late one night, he along with his brothers and cousins

went to this Turkish village. While everyone was sound asleep, they chopped down the

door and fled. As they were fleeing, the Turks woke startled and started screaming

“kherduh khashduh” which in Turkish dialect means “destroyed and fled.”

This comes compliments of Charles (Garabed) Hardy of Racine, Wisconsin, whose

family name was Kherdian. Immigration officials gave his father a hard time and, in

desperation, he chose the name of the fellow who had passed through ahead of him.


Slide # 46 – (Kherlopian)


Kherlopian: (T) Kher: good; Lop: bolt (as in food). One who swallows food by

the mouthful; a gourmand.


Slide # 47 – (Koulaksouzian)


Koulaksouzian: (T) Literally, without an ear; figuratively, having no ear for music.


Slide # 48 – (Mghtsavanchian)


Mghtsavanchian: (A) One who dreams nightmares. According to Angele Manougian,

there is a family in Florida by that name.


Slide # 49 – (Shilgevorkian)


Shilgevorkian: (T/Gr) Shil is cross-eyed; Gevork is George; thus cross-eyed George.


Slide # 50 – (Sebiljian)


Sebiljian (A/T): Sebil in Arabic is a fountain where one can wash his hands and feet

before prayer; and a sebilji is Turkish for someone who distributes water in the

expectation of receiving charity.


Slide # 51 – (Sabiha Gokchen (Khatun Sebiljian)


Khatoun Sebiljian (Hatun Sebilciyan) was the name of the orphan girl who was adopted

by Mustafa Kemal, and given the name Sabiha Gokçen (Sabiha Gokchen). In Turkish,

both Sabiha and Gokchen mean beautiful. According to interviews with Sabiha, she was the daughter of Mustafa Izzet Bey and Hayriye Hanim. However, in February 2004, journalist Hrant Dink published an article in Agos daily newspaper titled “The Secret of Sabiha Hatun,” describing how the so-called first Turkish female fighter pilot and Mustafa Kemal’s adopted child Sabiha Gokchen, was actually Armenian.

In the article, Hripsime Sebilciyan Gazalyan said that her grandfather Nerses Sebilciyan was killed during the Armenian Genocide and that, in her words, “his two daughters were Hatun and Diruhi, my mother. Hatun is Sabiha Gokchen, my aunt.” Hripsime continued by saying that “Ataturk visited the orphanage in the Cibin village of Sanliurfa’s Halfeti township. He liked my aunt Hatun and adopted her. She was 5-6 years old then. My mother cried a lot when her niece was taken away.”

However according to Turkish official registers, Gokchen, who died in 2001, was born of Bosnian extraction in Bursa, and lost her father, an exiled Ottoman official, when she was in primary school. She was adopted by Kemal in 1925, who later trained her to become a pilot. Later on, she became the first so-called “female combat pilot” of Turkey. An International Airport serving Istanbul is named after Sabiha Gökçen. Lest we harbor feelings of pride as Armenians, let us bear in mind that Sabiha Gokchen took part in the bombing of Dersim in 1937-1938 in which 10,000 Turkified Armenians, Alevis and Kurds were massacred by the Turkish government in response to a so-called rebellion, and thousands were left homeless.

Out of respect for proper language usage and historical accuracy, we should take issue

with calling Sabiha Gokchen a “combat pilot,” which by definition means that she was

fighting another regular armed force. Dropping bombs on civilians is not combat but

genocide. Young Turk policies stripped Hatun of her Armenian identity. Mustafa Kemal

then trained her to kill her own people in addition to other innocent populations.

We must add that Hrant Dink’s exposé of Gokchen’s true identity is considered one of

the several reasons why the Turkish “Deep State” arranged for Dink’s assassination in

2007.


Slide # 52 – (Tahtabourounian)


Tahtabourounian (T): Wooden nose or beak. Figuratively, it can be construed to mean

someone who has no sense of smell, or even one with low self-esteem, as a nose was

considered a symbol of pride.


Slide #53 – (Tycho Brahe)


In the event that anyone is skeptical of such a thing as an artificial nose, he is reminded of

Tycho Brahe, the 16th century Danish astronomer who lost part of his nose in a duel, and

was fitted with a golden one.


Slide # 54 – (Tazian)


Tazian (T/P): From tazuh for greyhound. Retriever for Turkish hunters. (This comes

compliments of Zohrab Tazian, whose forebear earned the name.).


Slide # 55 – (Terlemezian)


Terlemezian (T): One who does not sweat. (I can imagine Armenian patriot Dajad

Terlemezian, when given orders to dispose of Davo the Traitor, saying, “No sweat!”)

Legend has it that an invading shah of Persia taxed the citizens of Van so severely that

when they met every fresh demand of his he was prompted to say, “Don’t these people

sweat?” According to Dajad, Terlemezian is a Turkification of Talamazi.

His ancestors from Van were advisors to royalty, and the symbol of their sagacity was the

long hair that they displayed. Thus they were referred to as talamazi, which, it is

conjectured, was a truncation of talarmazi, where talar, in Armenian, is deemed as

verdant, and maz as hair. In many cultures long hair was a sign of nobility. The Parthians

and Persians of high rank wore long flowing hair.

(This comes compliments of Arpi Haroutunian, Dajad Terlemezian’s grand-daughter.)


Slide # 56 – (Teoleolian)


Teoleolian- (A) Corruption of Tel Volor (thread spinner), a name bestowed on the great,

great grandmother of Khachig Tölölyan, professor of history and literature at Wesleyan

U., and the son of Minas Teoleolian, former editor of the Hairenik Daily newspaper.

Before that, the family name was Sarkisyan. Teoleolian is a name unique to that family

and Khachig is the last of the line.


Now, you might ask why people perpetuate strange, unusual or even uncomplimentary 

names. After all, it’s easy to just change them by adaptation.

Well, people often are attached to their names because it gives them a sense of continuity

and tradition. There’s also the desire to honor their martyrs by perpetuating the memory

of their identity as Armenian Christians. We should be grateful to our fellow Armenians

for having retained their names as eloquent historical testimony to the oppression

suffered by the Armenians at the hands of the Turks. It’s fortunate for me that Armenians

have hung on to their names; otherwise I wouldn’t be here talking to you today.

I’m reminded of a story in this regard:

An American citizen of Armenian extraction wished to legally change his name, and in

applying to the court of jurisdiction, appeared for a hearing before a judge.

The judge addressed the applicant, “I understand you wish to change your name. What is

it?” The applicant replied, “Jack Beshigtashlian.” The judge replied, “I don't blame you.

What do you wish to change it to?” The applicant replied, “Joe Beshigtashlian.”

Incidentally, Beshigtash means stone cradle.

It is also the name of a district in Istanbul.

Thus, Beshigtashli would mean a native of that district.


Slide # 57 - (Website of Dictionary URL)


This concludes my presentation. I wish to thank the Committee, and all those who have

been helpful in sharing their knowledge with me. You can find a long list of personal

acknowledgments in the Dictionary online. I also encourage all to discover what their

own names mean by consulting this Dictionary. If you cannot find your name, email me

and I will try to assist you if I can.


Slide # 58 - (C.K. Garabed photo w/email)


Slide #59 – (Sketch. Last slide. The end.)


SOURCES:

Hrachia Adjarian’s Root Dictionary and Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Language;

Tigran Avetisyan’s Dictionary of Armenian Surnames;

Stepan Malkhasian’s Explanatory Dictionary;


Dictionaries in Arabic, Armenian, Assyrian, Azerbaijani, Georgian, Greek, Kurdish, Persian, Turkish.

Headline text

VOA TV coverage:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UzbNyJ_b0tA