Difference between revisions of "User:ArmStudy"

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{{Infobox military conflict
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| conflict    = Battle of Bitlis<br>Битлисское сражение
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| image      = [[Image:Ataturk-1916-Bitlis.jpg|300px]]<br>[[File:Antranik in Bitlis 1917.jpg|300px]]
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| caption    =
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| date        = July 1915 – August 1916
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| place      = [[Bitlis Vilayet]], [[Ottoman Empire]]
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| result      = Russian victory
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| combatant1  = {{flag|Russian Empire}}
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*[[Armenian volunteer units|Armenian Volunteers]]
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| combatant2  = {{flag|Ottoman Empire}}
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| commander1  = {{flagicon|Russian Empire}} [[Nikolai Nikolaevich Yudenich|Nikolai Yudenich]]<br>{{flagicon|Russian Empire}} [[Andranik Ozanian]]<br>{{flagicon|Russian Empire}} [[Tovmas Nazarbekian]]
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| commander2  = {{flagicon|Ottoman Empire}} [[Ahmed Izzet Pasha]]<br>{{flagicon|Ottoman Empire}} [[Mustafa Kemal Atatürk|Kemal Pasha]]<br>{{flagicon|Ottoman Empire}} [[Faik Pasha]]{{KIA}}
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| strength1  = [[Russian Caucasus Army (World War I)|Russian Caucasus Army]]<br>[[Armenian fedayi|Armenian ''Fedayi'']]
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| strength2  = [[Second Army (Ottoman Empire)|Second Army]]<br>[[Kurds|Kurdish]] Tribesmen
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| casualties1 = Less than the Ottomans
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| casualties2 = 34,000
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}}
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{{Campaignbox Caucasus Campaign}}
  
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The '''Battle of Bitlis''' refers to a series of engagements in the summer of 1916 for the town of [[Bitlis]] and to a lesser extent nearby [[Moush]], between [[Imperial Russian Army|Russian Imperial forces]] and their [[Ottoman Army|Ottoman counterparts]].
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The first military confrontation at Bitlis occurred in July 1915, when Russian troops launched an unsuccessful assault on the town's fortifications. The second confrontation began in February 1916 and ended with the capture of Bitlis by new Russian corps, which largely consisted of the 1st Battalion of the Armenian volunteer units under the command of [[Andranik Ozanian]]. The town was the last stronghold of the Ottoman Empire to prevent the Russians from entering in Anatolia and Mesopotamia. After their defeat, the Ottoman Army gave [[Mustafa Kemal]] the organization of the defense of the region. However, the Ottomans were quickly defeated, suffering 34,000 casualties, around half of which were POWs.<ref>{{cite book |last=Tucker |first=Spencer |year=2002 |title=The Great War, 1914-1918 |url=https://books.google.com/books?id=v_2HAgAAQBAJ&pg=PA180 |publisher=UCL Press |page=180–181 |isbn=1-85728-390-2 |author-link=Spencer C. Tucker}}</ref> By 24 August 1916, the entire region fell to the Russian Empire and Armenian volunteers.<ref>{{cite book |last1=Tucker |first1=Spencer |last2=Wood |first2=Laura Matysek |last3=Murphy |first3=Justin D. |year=1999 |title=The European Powers in the First World War: An Encyclopedia |url=https://books.google.com/books?id=gv3GEyB19wIC&pg=PA175 |publisher=Garland Publishing |page=175 |isbn=0-8153-3351-X}}</ref><ref>{{cite book |last=Chalabian |first=Antranig |date=1988 |title=General Andranik and the Armenian Revolutionary Movement |page=273–275 |isbn=0962274119 |author-link=Antranig Chalabian}}</ref>
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==References==
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{{Reflist}}
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*''The Berlin-Baghdad Express: the Ottoman Empire and Germany's bid for world power'', Sean McMeekin, page 243
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{{Ottoman battles in the 20th century}}
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{{coord missing|Turkey}}
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{{DEFAULTSORT:Bitlis}}
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[[Category:Conflicts in 1916]]
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[[Category:Battles of the Caucasus Campaign]]
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[[Category:Battles of World War I involving the Ottoman Empire]]
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[[Category:Battles of World War I involving Russia]]
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[[Category:Bitlis Vilayet]]
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[[Category:1916 in Armenia]]
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[[Category:History of Bitlis]]
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[[Category:1916 in the Ottoman Empire]]
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[[Category:1916 in the Russian Empire]]
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{{WWI-stub}}
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{{Russia-battle-stub}}
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{{Ottoman-battle-stub}}

Revision as of 15:21, 4 January 2020

Template:Infobox military conflict Template:Campaignbox Caucasus Campaign

The Battle of Bitlis refers to a series of engagements in the summer of 1916 for the town of Bitlis and to a lesser extent nearby Moush, between Russian Imperial forces and their Ottoman counterparts.

The first military confrontation at Bitlis occurred in July 1915, when Russian troops launched an unsuccessful assault on the town's fortifications. The second confrontation began in February 1916 and ended with the capture of Bitlis by new Russian corps, which largely consisted of the 1st Battalion of the Armenian volunteer units under the command of Andranik Ozanian. The town was the last stronghold of the Ottoman Empire to prevent the Russians from entering in Anatolia and Mesopotamia. After their defeat, the Ottoman Army gave Mustafa Kemal the organization of the defense of the region. However, the Ottomans were quickly defeated, suffering 34,000 casualties, around half of which were POWs.[1] By 24 August 1916, the entire region fell to the Russian Empire and Armenian volunteers.[2][3]

References

  1. Tucker, Spencer (2002). The Great War, 1914-1918. UCL Press. p. 180–181. ISBN 1-85728-390-2. https://books.google.com/books?id=v_2HAgAAQBAJ&pg=PA180. 
  2. Tucker, Spencer; Wood, Laura Matysek; Murphy, Justin D. (1999). The European Powers in the First World War: An Encyclopedia. Garland Publishing. p. 175. ISBN 0-8153-3351-X. https://books.google.com/books?id=gv3GEyB19wIC&pg=PA175. 
  3. Chalabian, Antranig (1988). General Andranik and the Armenian Revolutionary Movement. p. 273–275. ISBN 0962274119. 
  • The Berlin-Baghdad Express: the Ottoman Empire and Germany's bid for world power, Sean McMeekin, page 243

Template:Ottoman battles in the 20th century Template:Coord missing


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