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Tbilisi (Georgian თბილისი, Armenian Թիֆլիս ''Tiflis'') is the capital city of the country [[Georgia]].
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'''Tbilisi''' (Georgian: თბილისი; Armenian: Թիֆլիս/Tiflis or now Թբիլիսի/Tbilisi) is the capital city of [[Georgia]].
  
The Armenian history and contribution to the city of Tbilisi is very significant.  After the Russian conquest of the area, Armenians fleeing persecution in the Ottoman Empire and Persia caused a jump in the Armenian population, until it reached about 40% of the city total.  Many of the mayors and business class were Armenian, and much of the old city was built by Armenians.  Until recently the neighborhoods of Havlabar and the area across the river were very heavily Armenian, but that has changed a great deal in the last two decades.
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The Armenian history and contribution to the city of Tbilisi is very significant.  After the Russian conquest of the area, Armenians fleeing persecution in the Ottoman Empire and Persia caused a jump in the Armenian population until it reached about 40% of the city total.  Many of the mayors and business class were Armenian, and much of the old city was built by Armenians.  Until recently the neighborhoods of Havlabar and the area across the river were very heavily Armenian, but that has changed a great deal in the last two decades.
  
 
==Armenian sites==
 
==Armenian sites==
There are still two working Armenian Churches in the city, and an Armenian Theatre.  The Armenian "Pantheon", where prominent Armenians are buried has the tombs of some of Armenia's most loved personalities ever, including [[Raffi]] and [[Hovhannes Tumanian]].
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There are still two working Armenian Churches in the city, and an Armenian Theatre.  The Armenian "Pantheon", where prominent Armenians are buried has the tombs of some of Armenian's favorite personalities ever, including [[Raffi]] and [[Hovhannes Tumanian]].  The adjacent Armenian cemetery was taken over by the Georgian Church and their new national cathedral was built upon it (please confirm).  The remaining space in between the Pantheon and the new Georgian cathedral is now the construction site of what appears to be a Georgian Seminary.  Again, the Armenian tombs here are being ignored, and human bones are being moved around like dirt.
  
 
A number of Armenian churches have been confiscated by the Georgian State/Church as documented by the United States [[State Department]]: "The Roman Catholic and Armenian Apostolic Churches have been unable to secure the return of churches and other facilities closed during the Soviet period, many of which later were given to the Georgian Orthodox Church by the State. The prominent Armenian church in Tbilisi, Norashen, remained closed, as did four other smaller Armenian churches in Tbilisi and one in Akhaltsikhe. In addition, the Roman Catholic and Armenian Apostolic Churches, as with Protestant denominations, have had difficulty obtaining permission to construct new churches due to pressure from the GOC." [http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/irf/2005/51553.htm April 7, 2005]
 
A number of Armenian churches have been confiscated by the Georgian State/Church as documented by the United States [[State Department]]: "The Roman Catholic and Armenian Apostolic Churches have been unable to secure the return of churches and other facilities closed during the Soviet period, many of which later were given to the Georgian Orthodox Church by the State. The prominent Armenian church in Tbilisi, Norashen, remained closed, as did four other smaller Armenian churches in Tbilisi and one in Akhaltsikhe. In addition, the Roman Catholic and Armenian Apostolic Churches, as with Protestant denominations, have had difficulty obtaining permission to construct new churches due to pressure from the GOC." [http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/irf/2005/51553.htm April 7, 2005]
  
===Church 1 in Tbilisi===
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The older Armenian neighborhood of Tbilisi, on both sides of the river between Freedom Square and Havlabar has a some streets with Armenian names, including Tumanian, Abovian, Akopian, Alikhanian, Sundukian, Yerevan, Ararat and Sevan. In addition to the Armenian sites on the map at the bottom of the page, there is a house plaque on Tigran Petrosian's former house, as well as Rouben Mamoulian's<ref>http://vestnikkavkaza.net/news/society/1148.html</ref>, but the GPS coordinates have not been added to the map yet.
[[Image:Tiflis-diocese-IMG_0523.JPG|thumb|150px|Armenia Church with Diocese headquarters]]
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[[Image:Tiflis_sayat_nova-IMG_0516.JPG|thumb|150px|Tomb of Sayat Nova]]
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===S Gevorg Cathedral in Tbilisi===
This church is where the primate of Tbilisi has his offices.  Near the baths, under the fortress.  In front of the church is the tomb of the famous bard, [[Sayat Nova]].
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''see [[S Gevorg Cathedral (Tbilisi)]] article for more information''
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This church is where the primate of Georgia Diocese of the Armenian has his offices.  Near the baths, under the fortress.  In front of the church is the tomb of the famous bard, [[Sayat Nova]].
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<center><gallery>
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Image:Tiflis-diocese-IMG_0523.JPG|Diocese Church
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Image:Tiflis-Diocese-church-CIMG3872.JPG|Diocese Church altar
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Image:Tiflis_sayat_nova-IMG_0516.JPG|Tomb of Sayat Nova
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</gallery></center>
  
 
===Ejmiatsin Church in Tbilisi===
 
===Ejmiatsin Church in Tbilisi===
 
[[Image:Tiflis_ejmiatsin-IMG_0551.JPG|thumb|200px|Ejmiatsin of Tiflis]]
 
[[Image:Tiflis_ejmiatsin-IMG_0551.JPG|thumb|200px|Ejmiatsin of Tiflis]]
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''see [[Ejmiatsin Church (Tbilisi)]] article for more information''
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(not to be confused with the main Ejmiatsin Church in Armenia)
 
(not to be confused with the main Ejmiatsin Church in Armenia)
  
In Havlabar, this church is undergoing renovation and reconstruction thanks to the [[Armenia Fund]].
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In Havlabar, this church was recently renovated thanks to the [[Armenia Fund]].
  
 
===Norashen Church in Tbilisi===
 
===Norashen Church in Tbilisi===
[[Image:Tiflis norashen-IMG 0478.JPG|thumb|200px|Norashen Church]]
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''see [[Norashen Church]] article for more information''
The 17 year old conflict relating to [[Norashen Church]], one of the Armenian churches in Tbilisi has just reached another step with the obvious attempt to change historical facts.
 
 
 
A few months ago, hundred year old Georgian grave stones, carrying Georgian inscriptions, suddenly appeared in the courtyard of the Armenian Church Norashen. Rather, they were transported here. Our photographer and cameraman filmed these stones still wrapped in their iron wires, thrown randomly into the church’s courtyard. In the meantime these stones have been neatly lined up and safely installed along the church’s wall. The reasoning behind is crystal clear: these actions serve to “prove” that the church is in fact a Georgian orthodox one, as according to the words of the Georgian priest, Father Tariel, the Armenians would have never let the Georgians bury in their dead in front of their own church. At the same time as the Georgian stones were brought from an unknown cemetery to Tbilisi, the Armenian ones, located on the other side of the church were found vandalised – the Armenian inscriptions had been destroyed.
 
  
The Church Norashen is located in Tbilisi, on Leselidze Street, flanked on the left by a Greek church, now transformed into a Georgian orthodox one, on the right by the Georgian Church Sioni and a few more meters further down the synagogue the mosque. For centuries, the different confessions have lived side by side in peace and friendship.
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Norashen Church is located on Leselidze Street, flanked on the left by a Greek church, now transformed into a Georgian orthodox one, on the right by the Georgian Church Sioni and a few more meters further down the synagogue the mosque.  
  
Norashen was founded in 1467 and renovated in 1650 by Nazar. At this time, the great cupola was rebuilt by Master Petros. A series of renovations followed in 1795, 1808 and in 1875. The Lidatamashian and Vartanov families and Katarina Pridonian are buried next to the Church. In 1924-25, a committee consisting of Georgian officials suggests to completely destroy the church to allow for the construction of the “Armenian Bazaar” street (now Leselidze). The majority of the committee members approved this decision. However, on 2 July 1925, Severov put the issue on the agenda again and ferociously opposing the project, succeeded in stopping the destruction. Later yet, during the Soviet era, the church was transformed into an archive.
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Norashen was founded in 1467 and renovated in 1650 by Nazar. At this time, the great cupola was rebuilt by Master Petros. A series of renovations followed in 1795, 1808 and in 1875. The Lidatamashian and Vartanov families and Katarina Pridonian are buried next to the Church. During the Soviet era, the church was transformed into an archive.
  
Eventually, in 1989, shortly before Georgia’s independence and under the influence of the ultra-nationalist Gamsakhurdia, the Georgians intensified and multiplied their actions aimed at appropriating the church in order to transform it into a Georgian orthodox one. They reached their climax in 1994, when the local Armenians started worrying after having been informed that all valuable books were being taken from the archive. All that was left were Marx’s and Lenin’s complete works, which led to believe that Norashen would have the same fate as Karmir Avetaran, which once used to be Tbilisi’s highest Armenian church (40m high) before being completely destroyed in an explosion in the fall of 1989.
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There is a 17 year old conflict relating to Norashen Church, one of the Armenian churches in Tbilisi.  A Georgian priest has been waging a destructive campaign to erase any evidence of the church having been Armenian and negotiations over the fate of the church continue. The Archbishops Garegin and Grigoris came from Armenia to Tbilisi, where they met with Iliad II, the Georgian Patriarch and it was decided to stop all actions until the advent of better times. The church has been closed since.
  
On 25 January 1995, the Armenians living in the vicinity of Norashen noticed that apparent renovation works had started inside the church. An official protest, delivered on 2 February by the Armenian Ambassador in Georgia, H.E. Khatchatrian and the president of the Armenian Association of Charity and Culture, Mr. Muradian, to the Georgian priest in charge of the renovation works, Father Tariel, were countered with contempt. Three days later, Ter Yerishe, the Armenian priest, caught this same Tariel, axe in hand, at the renovation works - that is demolishing the High Altar. Ter Yerishe told him: “You, who are supposed to be serving the Lord, you destroy the Lord’s house. Take off your cross and your coat at least!” Father Tariel to answer: “I am a priest and I do what I have been told.” On 8 February, the Master Petros’ inscription on the wall, telling the reconstruction of the cupola in 1650, was wiped out. Other Armenian inscriptions, two khachkars and two magnificent frescoes of the Hovnatanyan School from the 19th century were also damaged and destroyed.
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<center><gallery>
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Image:Tiflis norashen-IMG 0478.JPG|Norashen Church
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Image:Tiflis norashen-IMG 0481.JPG|Norashen Church
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Image:Tiflis norashen-IMG 0493.JPG|Norashen Church
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Image:Tiflis_norashen-IMG_0502.JPG|Norashen Church
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</gallery></center>
  
In days following these acts of vandalism, a group of Armenians in the company of a photographer were barred from entering the church, instead they were greeted with fascistic insults by the Georgians and priests. They were attacked and the photographer, who ducked to protect his camera, only managed to escape after the intervention of one the Armenian women in the group, who jumped at the priest pulling his beard and throwing him down.
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===Vank Cathedral===
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[[Image:Tiflis belltower-IMG 0388.JPG|thumb|150px|Belltower of destroyed [[Vank Cathedral (Tbilisi)|Vank Cathedral]].]]
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''see [[Vank Cathedral (Tbilisi)]] article for more information''
  
On 15 February, the church was consecrated according to the Georgian orthodox rite.
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This belltower is all that is left of what was once a large Armenian church, which was demolished by the Soviet Georgian government.
 
 
One month later, the Archbishops Garegin and Grigoris came from Armenia to Tbilisi, where they met with Iliad II, the Georgian Patriarch and it was decided to stop all actions until the advent of better times. The church has been closed since.
 
 
 
Now, after the appearance of the fake Georgian graves, emotions are flying high again with consequences not to be foreseen. For Father Abgar, the Armenian priest in Tbilisi, there is no doubt that Norashen shall open its doors again as Armenian Apostolic Church and that the tombstones must be returned to their places of origin. Alas, the cases of vandalism and appropriation of Armenian cultural heritage, including Armenian cemeteries, have not ceased to increase over the past decades, Norashen being just one sad example among many others.
 
 
 
Press Office – 5 Krasilnaya Str., Tbilisi, Georgia<br>
 
Tel: +995 32 75 41 11 - Fax: + 995 32 75 17 90<br>
 
Mobile: +995 99 41 34 74 - Email: isakhanyan @ yahoo.com<br>
 
Levon A. Isakhanyan
 
 
 
See also: [[Church Quarrel: Armenian church in Tbilisi under threat|ArmeniaNow.com]], [http://www.hetq.am/eng/politics/0605-georgia.html HETQ], [http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/irf/2005/51553.htm US State Department], [http://www.kvali.com/kvali/index.asp?obiektivi=show&n=392 IWPR]
 
 
 
===Belltower===
 
[[Image:Tiflis belltower-IMG 0388.JPG|thumb|150px|Belltower of destroyed Armenian Church]]
 
This belltower is all that is left of what was once a large Armenian church, which was demolished by the Soviet Georgian government.  
 
  
 
===S. Gevorg of Mughni Church in Tbilisi===
 
===S. Gevorg of Mughni Church in Tbilisi===
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''see [[S Gevorg of Mughni Church (Tbilisi)]] article for more information''
 
[[Image:Tiflis-gevorg of mughni-IMG 0411.JPG|thumb|200px|S. Gevorg of Mughni]]
 
[[Image:Tiflis-gevorg of mughni-IMG 0411.JPG|thumb|200px|S. Gevorg of Mughni]]
 
This Armenian church with a tin roof and blue glazed crosses is under the control of the Georgian church and is about to crumble (as of November, 2006).
 
This Armenian church with a tin roof and blue glazed crosses is under the control of the Georgian church and is about to crumble (as of November, 2006).
  
 
===S. Astvatsatsin Church of Bethlehem in Tbilisi===
 
===S. Astvatsatsin Church of Bethlehem in Tbilisi===
This church has been restored as a Georgian Orthodox Church.  Has an Armenian inscription on the side.   
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''see [[S Astvatsatsin of Bethlehem Church (Tbilisi)]] article for more information''
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This church has been taken by Georgian Orthodox Church and reopened as a Georgian Church.  Has an Armenian inscription on the side.   
  
 
===S. Stepanos Convent in Tbilisi===
 
===S. Stepanos Convent in Tbilisi===
 
The crypt/tomb of a wealthy Armenian benfactor has been destroyed.
 
The crypt/tomb of a wealthy Armenian benfactor has been destroyed.
  
===Karap S. Gevorg Church of Tbilisi===
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===Karap S. George Church of Tbilisi===
 
Small Armenian Church now being used as a Georgian Church.  Karap is the name of the neighborhood, meaning Stoneside (Kar-ap, the neighborhood abuts stone mountainside).
 
Small Armenian Church now being used as a Georgian Church.  Karap is the name of the neighborhood, meaning Stoneside (Kar-ap, the neighborhood abuts stone mountainside).
  
 
===S. Nshan Church of Tbilisi===
 
===S. Nshan Church of Tbilisi===
 
[[Image:Tiflis nshan-IMG 0394.JPG|thumb|200px|S. Nshan Church]]
 
[[Image:Tiflis nshan-IMG 0394.JPG|thumb|200px|S. Nshan Church]]
This Armenian Church of 1701 has green roof tiles and blue crosses on the side.  It is in very critical condition.  It was filled with books, but a fire burned them and the floor is still littered with the remains.  The Armenian Church is still not allowed to use this property.  Many Armenian inscriptions, graves and some khachkars remain.  Most of the graves outside have been swallowed up by the garages of neighboring houses.
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''see [[Surb Nshan Church (Tbilisi)]] article for more information''
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[[Surb Nshan Church (Tbilisi)]] of 1701 has green roof tiles and blue crosses on the side.  It is in very critical condition.  It was filled with books, but a fire burned them and the floor is still littered with the remains.  The Armenian Church is still not allowed to use this property.  Many Armenian inscriptions, graves and some khachkars remain.  Most of the graves outside have been swallowed up by the garages of neighboring houses.  The Municipality of Tbilisi started restoration works on the church.
  
 
===S. Minas Basilica of Tblisi===
 
===S. Minas Basilica of Tblisi===
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''see [[S Minas Church (Tbilisi)]] article for more information''
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Small old basilica in Havlabar which may have been Armenian.  Was used as a small production/factory space during Soviet times, thus the green and white interior paint.
 
Small old basilica in Havlabar which may have been Armenian.  Was used as a small production/factory space during Soviet times, thus the green and white interior paint.
  
===S. Marine Church of Tbilisi===
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===Karmir Avetaran Church of Tbilisi===
Small old church in Havlabar which may have been Armenian.
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''see [[Karmir Avetaran Church (Tbilisi)]] article for more information''
  
===Karmir Avetaran Church of Tbilisi===
 
 
Massive Armenian church located in Havlabar, 1 block from the metro (away from the new Georgian Cathedral).  Numerous Armenian inscriptions.  Said to have been blown up in 1989 by Georgian nationalists.
 
Massive Armenian church located in Havlabar, 1 block from the metro (away from the new Georgian Cathedral).  Numerous Armenian inscriptions.  Said to have been blown up in 1989 by Georgian nationalists.
  
===Petros Adamian Tbilisi State Armenian Drama Theatre===
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===Peter Adamian Tbilisi State Armenian Drama Theatre===
 
[[Image:Tiflis-armenian theatre-IMG 0561.JPG|thumb|200px|Bedros Atamian Armenian Theatre]]
 
[[Image:Tiflis-armenian theatre-IMG 0561.JPG|thumb|200px|Bedros Atamian Armenian Theatre]]
Petros Adamian Tbilisi State Armenian Drama Theatre was established in [[1858]] by the great Armenian theatre figure Gevork Chmshkian. The first staging was "Adji Souleyman" performance. From 1922 through 1936 before building of the new current theatre building the theatres name was "Artistic theatre". In 1936 was built a new theatre building which was named Stepan Shahumian Armenian Theatre. The first performance was Mkrtich Djanan's performance "Shakh Nane". On this stage was grown a number generations of the great Armenian actors.Here were worked the world's famous actors: Petros Adamian, Siranoush,Vagram Papazian, Oganes Abelian, and also our outstanding actors: Olga Maysourian, Isaak Alikhanian, Mariamik Mochorian, Artem and Mary Beroians, Artem Lousinian, Babken Nersesian, Dory Amirbekian, Ashot Kadjvorian, Emma Stepanian, Armenian directors: Arshak Bourdjalian, Levon Kalantar, Stepanos Kapanakian, Alexander Abarian, Ferdinand Bzhikian, Hayk Umikian, Mikael Grigorian, Oganes Karapetian, Romen Chaltikian, Roma Matiashvili, Robert Egian. Music for theatres often was written by Aram Khachatourian, Armen Tigranian, Alexander Spendiarian, Gourgen Shakhbazian and others.
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''see [[Peter Adamian Tbilisi State Armenian Drama Theatre]] article for more information''
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 +
Peter Adamian Tbilisi State Armenian Drama Theatre was established in [[1858]] by the great Armenian theatre figure George Chmshkian. The first staging was "Adji Souleyman" performance. From 1922 through 1936 before building of the new current theatre building the theatres name was "Artistic theatre". In 1936 was built a new theatre building which was named Stepan Shahumian Armenian Theatre. The first performance was Mkrtich (Nikita) Djanan's performance "Shakh Nane". On this stage was grown a number generations of the great Armenian actors.Here were worked the world's famous actors: Peter Adamian, Siranoush (Merobe Kantarjian),Vagram (Bartholomew) Papazian, Ivan Abelian, and also our outstanding actors: Olga Maysourian, Isaac Alikhanian, Mariam Mojorian, Artem and Maria Beroians, Artem Lousinian, Babken Nersesian, Darius Amirbekian, Ashot Kadjvorian, Emma Stepanian, Armenian directors: Arshak (Arcady) Bourdjalian, Leon Kalantar, Stepan Kapanakian, Alexander Abarian, Ferdinand Bzhikian, Hayk Umikian, Mickael Grigorian, Ivan Karapetian, Roman Chaltikian, Roman Matiashvili, Robert Yegian. Music for theatres often was written by Aram Khachatourian, Armen Tigranian, Alexander Spendiarian, Gourgen Shakhbazian and others.
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Nowadays Peter Adamian Tbilisi State Armenian Drama Theatre is the main spiritual and public center of Georgian-Armenian community and it continues the work of the great predecessors. (Source: http://amtheater.gq.nu )
  
Nowadays Petros Adamian Tbilisi State Armenian Drama Theatre is the main spiritual and public center of Georgian-Armenian community and it continues the work of the great predecessors. (Source: http://amtheater.gq.nu )
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===Khojivank===
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[[File:Khojivank-0003q408.jpg|thumb|250px|Khojivank - the now destroyed church at the center of the now destroyed large cemetery]]
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''see [[Khojivank]] article for more information''
  
===Khojavank===
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The large Armenian cemetary of Khojivank was destroyed in order to build Tbilisi's huge new Georgian cathedral.  It was done against the wishes of the Armenian community, leaving only one small, far removed section where some of the most famous Armenians in history are buried.
The large Armenian cemetary of Khojavank was destroyed in order to build Tbilisi's huge new Georgian cathedral.  It was done against the wishes of the Armenian community, leaving only one small, far removed section where some of the most famous Armenians in history are buried.
 
  
 
===Armenian Pantheon of Tbilisi===
 
===Armenian Pantheon of Tbilisi===
Adjacent to the huge new Georgian cathedral, but very hard to access (you must go past it, then back over a bridge, near the big antenna).  The [[Armenian Pantheon of Tbilisi]] has the tombs of many famous Armenians including [[Hovhannes Tumanian]] and [[Raffi]].  Most of the tombstones were removed by the Georgian government and replaced with uniform black squares with names and dates.
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[[Image:Tiflis-Panteon-CIMG4094.JPG|thumb|200px|Armenian Pantheon of Tbilisi]]
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''see [[Armenian Pantheon of Tbilisi]] article for more information''
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 +
Adjacent to the huge new Georgian cathedral, but very hard to access (you must go past it, then back over a bridge, near the big antenna).  The [[Armenian Pantheon of Tbilisi]] has the tombs of many famous Armenians including [[Hovhannes Tumanian]] and [[Raffi]].  Most of the tombstones were removed in 2002 and replaced with uniform black squares with names and dates.
  
 
===Freedom Square===
 
===Freedom Square===
Line 99: Line 111:
 
==Genocide==
 
==Genocide==
 
In February 2005 the Diocese of the Armenian Apostolic Holy Church in Georgia initialized erecting a [[khachkar]] (cross-stone memorial) in Tbilisi in memory of the victims of the [[Armenian Genocide]]. Armenian Cooperation Centre of Georgia supported that initiation with gathering of necessary funds and organizing preparation of the monument. By February 2006 the monument is technically ready to be erected, but the Diocese still didn't receive the answer to its request.  
 
In February 2005 the Diocese of the Armenian Apostolic Holy Church in Georgia initialized erecting a [[khachkar]] (cross-stone memorial) in Tbilisi in memory of the victims of the [[Armenian Genocide]]. Armenian Cooperation Centre of Georgia supported that initiation with gathering of necessary funds and organizing preparation of the monument. By February 2006 the monument is technically ready to be erected, but the Diocese still didn't receive the answer to its request.  
Thousands of genocide refugees were resided in various parts of Georgia after 1915.
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Thousands of genocide refugees settled in various parts of Georgia after 1915.
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==Armenians born in Tbilisi==
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{{#ask: [[Category:Person]] [[Birthplace name::Tbilisi]]}}, {{#ask: [[Category:Person]] [[Birthplace name::Tiflis]]}}
  
 
==Getting there==
 
==Getting there==
Marshutni service to Tbilisi departs [[Yerevan]] from the Kilikia Bus Station at 8, 9, 10 and 11am.  Cost is 6,500 AMD (as of November, 2006).  Marshutnis also depart from Vanadzor, Gyumri and Artik.
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Marshutni service to Tbilisi departs [[Yerevan]] from the [[Kilikia Bus Station]] at 8, 9, 10 and 11am.  Cost is 6,500 AMD (as of November, 2006).  Marshutnis also depart from Vanadzor, Gyumri and Artik in Armenia.
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==Map==
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<googlemap version="0.9" type="map" lat="41.695026" lon="44.807224" width="700" height="500" zoom="15" icons="http://www.armeniapedia.org/files/icons/marker-{label}.png">
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(cross) 41.689228,44.808919, S Gevorg Cathedral (Tbilisi)
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Seat of Armenian Archbishop.  Grave of [[Sayat Nova]].
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[[File:Tiflis-diocese-IMG 0523.JPG|125px|link=]]
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(cross) 41.692547,44.813761, Ejmiatsin Church (Tbilisi)
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Not to be confused with the one in Armenia.
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[[File:Tiflis ejmiatsin-IMG 0551.JPG|125px|link=]]
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41.698475,44.81861, Armenian Pantheon Cemetery
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Where many Armenian greats including Raffi, Tumanyan and others are buried.
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[[File:Tiflis-Panteon-CIMG4094.JPG|125px|link=]]
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(cross) 41.691013,44.806468, Norashen Church
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[[File:Tiflis norashen-IMG 0478.JPG|125px|link=]]
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(cross) 41.690259,44.804194,S Gevorg of Mughni Church (Tbilisi)
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[[File:Tiflis-gevorg of mughni-IMG 0411.JPG|200px|link=]]
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41.691576,44.816164, Peter Adamian Tbilisi State Armenian Drama Theatre
 +
[[File:Tiflis-armenian_theatre-IMG_0561.JPG|200px|link=]]
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(cross) 41.694309,44.804694, Surb Nshan Church (Tbilisi)
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[[File:Tiflis nshan-IMG 0394.JPG|200px|link=]]
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(crossbrown) 41.691014,44.814692, Karmir Avetaran Church (Tbilisi)
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[[File:Church of the Red Gospel.jpg|130px|link=]]
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(crossorange) 41.688871,44.804599, S Astvatsatsin of Bethlehem Church (Tbilisi)
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This church was taken over by the Georgian Orthodox Church. Has an Armenian inscription on the side.
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[[File:View from Narikala2.jpg|200px|link=]]
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(crossorange) 41.6887,44.806642, Karapi Surb Gevorg Yekeghetsi
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[[File:Church of St. George, Narikala.jpg|200px|link=]]
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(crossorange) 41.688978,44.801483, Lower Bethlehemi Church
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Also known as the Church of Saint Stepanos of the Holy Virgins (Armenian: Կուսանաց Սուրբ Ստեփանոս վանք) or Koosanats Sourb Stepanos Vank)
 +
[[File:Tbilisi, Bethlehem Quarter.jpg|125px|link=]]
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41.697376,44.805716, Vank Cathedral (Tbilisi)
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[[File:Tiflis belltower-IMG 0388.JPG|125px|link=]]
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(crossbrown) 41.697646,44.816514, Khojivank
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Tbilisi's large new Sameba Church was built on the site of the largest Armenian Cemetery in the city, which had an Armenian Church complex as well.
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[[File:Khojivank-0003s69f.jpg|200px|link=]]
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(cross) 41.693592,44.8121, S Minas Church (Tbilisi)
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[[File:S Minas Tbilisi-00033pkt.jpg|200px|link=]]
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(crossorange) 41.698159,44.81008, S Karapet Church (Tbilisi)
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[[File:Armenian_St._Karapet_church_in_Tbilisi.jpg|125px|link=]]
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(crossbrown) 41.694546,44.80027, Kamoyants St. Gevorg
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[[File:Kamoyants St. Gevorg.jpg|200px|link=]]
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41.689749,44.793888, Hovhannes Tumanyan House in Tbilisi
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41.690800, 44.808444, Sergey Parajanov Monument
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41.689819, 44.808945, Sayat Nova Monument
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41.690483, 44.796201, Raffi
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Raffi lived here from 1880-1888 plaque on building at 3 Daniel Chonqadze St.
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41.689695, 44.792743, Armen Tigranyan
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Armenian composer Armen Tigranyan lived here 1913-1950 plaque on building.
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41.690992, 44.798705, Alexander Mantashev
 +
Alexander Mantashev's house at 8 Geronti Kikodze Street. An image of his wife is still in the wrought iron metal balcony railing.
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41.693388, 44.801495, Freedom Square
 +
Formerly known as Erivan Square, after Ivan Paskevich, the Count of Erivan (Yerevan province).
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41.694201, 44.801642, Kamo's former grave.
 +
Abutting the north side of Freedom Square is a small open space with a fountain and a bust of Alexander Pushkin. Nearby the famous communist Kamo (Simon Ter-Petrossian) was once buried, but during Stalin's rule his remains were moved to an undisclosed location.
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41.699570, 44.797482, Rustaveli Theatre
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Entire building funded by Alexander Mantashev.
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</googlemap>
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Red Cross is an Armenian Church that remains Armenian.  Orange Cross is an Armenian Church that was taken by the Georgian Church without permission after the USSR collapsed and altered to seem Georgian.  Brown Cross is one of 11 Armenian Churches that were destroyed by the Georgian Communist government by orders of Beria.
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==References==
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<references/>
  
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
 
*[[Havlabar: A Little Armenia on the Hill]]
 
*[[Havlabar: A Little Armenia on the Hill]]
  
[[Image:204tiflis1914.gif|frame|center|Map of Tbilisi in 1914. © [http://www.armenica.org Armenica.org]]]
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[[Category:Georgia]]

Revision as of 02:12, 28 January 2019

Tbilisi (Georgian: თბილისი; Armenian: Թիֆլիս/Tiflis or now Թբիլիսի/Tbilisi) is the capital city of Georgia.

The Armenian history and contribution to the city of Tbilisi is very significant. After the Russian conquest of the area, Armenians fleeing persecution in the Ottoman Empire and Persia caused a jump in the Armenian population until it reached about 40% of the city total. Many of the mayors and business class were Armenian, and much of the old city was built by Armenians. Until recently the neighborhoods of Havlabar and the area across the river were very heavily Armenian, but that has changed a great deal in the last two decades.

Armenian sites

There are still two working Armenian Churches in the city, and an Armenian Theatre. The Armenian "Pantheon", where prominent Armenians are buried has the tombs of some of Armenian's favorite personalities ever, including Raffi and Hovhannes Tumanian. The adjacent Armenian cemetery was taken over by the Georgian Church and their new national cathedral was built upon it (please confirm). The remaining space in between the Pantheon and the new Georgian cathedral is now the construction site of what appears to be a Georgian Seminary. Again, the Armenian tombs here are being ignored, and human bones are being moved around like dirt.

A number of Armenian churches have been confiscated by the Georgian State/Church as documented by the United States State Department: "The Roman Catholic and Armenian Apostolic Churches have been unable to secure the return of churches and other facilities closed during the Soviet period, many of which later were given to the Georgian Orthodox Church by the State. The prominent Armenian church in Tbilisi, Norashen, remained closed, as did four other smaller Armenian churches in Tbilisi and one in Akhaltsikhe. In addition, the Roman Catholic and Armenian Apostolic Churches, as with Protestant denominations, have had difficulty obtaining permission to construct new churches due to pressure from the GOC." April 7, 2005

The older Armenian neighborhood of Tbilisi, on both sides of the river between Freedom Square and Havlabar has a some streets with Armenian names, including Tumanian, Abovian, Akopian, Alikhanian, Sundukian, Yerevan, Ararat and Sevan. In addition to the Armenian sites on the map at the bottom of the page, there is a house plaque on Tigran Petrosian's former house, as well as Rouben Mamoulian's[1], but the GPS coordinates have not been added to the map yet.

S Gevorg Cathedral in Tbilisi

see S Gevorg Cathedral (Tbilisi) article for more information This church is where the primate of Georgia Diocese of the Armenian has his offices. Near the baths, under the fortress. In front of the church is the tomb of the famous bard, Sayat Nova.

Ejmiatsin Church in Tbilisi

Ejmiatsin of Tiflis

see Ejmiatsin Church (Tbilisi) article for more information

(not to be confused with the main Ejmiatsin Church in Armenia)

In Havlabar, this church was recently renovated thanks to the Armenia Fund.

Norashen Church in Tbilisi

see Norashen Church article for more information

Norashen Church is located on Leselidze Street, flanked on the left by a Greek church, now transformed into a Georgian orthodox one, on the right by the Georgian Church Sioni and a few more meters further down the synagogue the mosque.

Norashen was founded in 1467 and renovated in 1650 by Nazar. At this time, the great cupola was rebuilt by Master Petros. A series of renovations followed in 1795, 1808 and in 1875. The Lidatamashian and Vartanov families and Katarina Pridonian are buried next to the Church. During the Soviet era, the church was transformed into an archive.

There is a 17 year old conflict relating to Norashen Church, one of the Armenian churches in Tbilisi. A Georgian priest has been waging a destructive campaign to erase any evidence of the church having been Armenian and negotiations over the fate of the church continue. The Archbishops Garegin and Grigoris came from Armenia to Tbilisi, where they met with Iliad II, the Georgian Patriarch and it was decided to stop all actions until the advent of better times. The church has been closed since.

Vank Cathedral

Belltower of destroyed Vank Cathedral.

see Vank Cathedral (Tbilisi) article for more information

This belltower is all that is left of what was once a large Armenian church, which was demolished by the Soviet Georgian government.

S. Gevorg of Mughni Church in Tbilisi

see S Gevorg of Mughni Church (Tbilisi) article for more information

S. Gevorg of Mughni

This Armenian church with a tin roof and blue glazed crosses is under the control of the Georgian church and is about to crumble (as of November, 2006).

S. Astvatsatsin Church of Bethlehem in Tbilisi

see S Astvatsatsin of Bethlehem Church (Tbilisi) article for more information

This church has been taken by Georgian Orthodox Church and reopened as a Georgian Church. Has an Armenian inscription on the side.

S. Stepanos Convent in Tbilisi

The crypt/tomb of a wealthy Armenian benfactor has been destroyed.

Karap S. George Church of Tbilisi

Small Armenian Church now being used as a Georgian Church. Karap is the name of the neighborhood, meaning Stoneside (Kar-ap, the neighborhood abuts stone mountainside).

S. Nshan Church of Tbilisi

S. Nshan Church

see Surb Nshan Church (Tbilisi) article for more information

Surb Nshan Church (Tbilisi) of 1701 has green roof tiles and blue crosses on the side. It is in very critical condition. It was filled with books, but a fire burned them and the floor is still littered with the remains. The Armenian Church is still not allowed to use this property. Many Armenian inscriptions, graves and some khachkars remain. Most of the graves outside have been swallowed up by the garages of neighboring houses. The Municipality of Tbilisi started restoration works on the church.

S. Minas Basilica of Tblisi

see S Minas Church (Tbilisi) article for more information

Small old basilica in Havlabar which may have been Armenian. Was used as a small production/factory space during Soviet times, thus the green and white interior paint.

Karmir Avetaran Church of Tbilisi

see Karmir Avetaran Church (Tbilisi) article for more information

Massive Armenian church located in Havlabar, 1 block from the metro (away from the new Georgian Cathedral). Numerous Armenian inscriptions. Said to have been blown up in 1989 by Georgian nationalists.

Peter Adamian Tbilisi State Armenian Drama Theatre

Bedros Atamian Armenian Theatre

see Peter Adamian Tbilisi State Armenian Drama Theatre article for more information

Peter Adamian Tbilisi State Armenian Drama Theatre was established in 1858 by the great Armenian theatre figure George Chmshkian. The first staging was "Adji Souleyman" performance. From 1922 through 1936 before building of the new current theatre building the theatres name was "Artistic theatre". In 1936 was built a new theatre building which was named Stepan Shahumian Armenian Theatre. The first performance was Mkrtich (Nikita) Djanan's performance "Shakh Nane". On this stage was grown a number generations of the great Armenian actors.Here were worked the world's famous actors: Peter Adamian, Siranoush (Merobe Kantarjian),Vagram (Bartholomew) Papazian, Ivan Abelian, and also our outstanding actors: Olga Maysourian, Isaac Alikhanian, Mariam Mojorian, Artem and Maria Beroians, Artem Lousinian, Babken Nersesian, Darius Amirbekian, Ashot Kadjvorian, Emma Stepanian, Armenian directors: Arshak (Arcady) Bourdjalian, Leon Kalantar, Stepan Kapanakian, Alexander Abarian, Ferdinand Bzhikian, Hayk Umikian, Mickael Grigorian, Ivan Karapetian, Roman Chaltikian, Roman Matiashvili, Robert Yegian. Music for theatres often was written by Aram Khachatourian, Armen Tigranian, Alexander Spendiarian, Gourgen Shakhbazian and others.

Nowadays Peter Adamian Tbilisi State Armenian Drama Theatre is the main spiritual and public center of Georgian-Armenian community and it continues the work of the great predecessors. (Source: http://amtheater.gq.nu )

Khojivank

Khojivank - the now destroyed church at the center of the now destroyed large cemetery

see Khojivank article for more information

The large Armenian cemetary of Khojivank was destroyed in order to build Tbilisi's huge new Georgian cathedral. It was done against the wishes of the Armenian community, leaving only one small, far removed section where some of the most famous Armenians in history are buried.

Armenian Pantheon of Tbilisi

Armenian Pantheon of Tbilisi

see Armenian Pantheon of Tbilisi article for more information

Adjacent to the huge new Georgian cathedral, but very hard to access (you must go past it, then back over a bridge, near the big antenna). The Armenian Pantheon of Tbilisi has the tombs of many famous Armenians including Hovhannes Tumanian and Raffi. Most of the tombstones were removed in 2002 and replaced with uniform black squares with names and dates.

Freedom Square

Freedom Square

Once formally known as Paskevich Yerevanski Square, then Lenin Square, it was commonly called Yerevan Square. Paskevich Erevanski (pronounced Yerevanski) was a Russian general and was called Paskevich of Yerevan in honor of his taking of Yerevan for the Russian Empire. Abutting the north side of Freedom Square is a small open space with a fountain. Buried between the bust of Pushkin and the fountain is Kamo (Simon Ter-Petrosyan). Kamo was once a celebrated communist, but now his grave has been paved over and is unmarked.

Armenian Street Names

The heavily Armenian old neighborhoods of Tbilisi still have many Armenian street names, though some have been changed over time. Leselidze Street was once called Armenian Bazaar Street.

Genocide

In February 2005 the Diocese of the Armenian Apostolic Holy Church in Georgia initialized erecting a khachkar (cross-stone memorial) in Tbilisi in memory of the victims of the Armenian Genocide. Armenian Cooperation Centre of Georgia supported that initiation with gathering of necessary funds and organizing preparation of the monument. By February 2006 the monument is technically ready to be erected, but the Diocese still didn't receive the answer to its request. Thousands of genocide refugees settled in various parts of Georgia after 1915.

Armenians born in Tbilisi

Akim Tamiroff, Alexander Mantashev, Aram Khachaturian, Mikhail Loris-Melikov, Sayat Nova, Viktor Hambartsumian, Vladimir Arutyunian, Akim Tamiroff, Alexander Mantashev, Aram Khachaturian, Mikhail Loris-Melikov, Sayat Nova, Viktor Hambartsumian, Vladimir Arutyunian

Getting there

Marshutni service to Tbilisi departs Yerevan from the Kilikia Bus Station at 8, 9, 10 and 11am. Cost is 6,500 AMD (as of November, 2006). Marshutnis also depart from Vanadzor, Gyumri and Artik in Armenia.

Map

<googlemap version="0.9" type="map" lat="41.695026" lon="44.807224" width="700" height="500" zoom="15" icons="http://www.armeniapedia.org/files/icons/marker-{label}.png"> (cross) 41.689228,44.808919, S Gevorg Cathedral (Tbilisi) Seat of Armenian Archbishop. Grave of Sayat Nova. Tiflis-diocese-IMG 0523.JPG (cross) 41.692547,44.813761, Ejmiatsin Church (Tbilisi) Not to be confused with the one in Armenia. Tiflis ejmiatsin-IMG 0551.JPG 41.698475,44.81861, Armenian Pantheon Cemetery Where many Armenian greats including Raffi, Tumanyan and others are buried. Tiflis-Panteon-CIMG4094.JPG (cross) 41.691013,44.806468, Norashen Church Tiflis norashen-IMG 0478.JPG (cross) 41.690259,44.804194,S Gevorg of Mughni Church (Tbilisi) Tiflis-gevorg of mughni-IMG 0411.JPG 41.691576,44.816164, Peter Adamian Tbilisi State Armenian Drama Theatre Tiflis-armenian theatre-IMG 0561.JPG (cross) 41.694309,44.804694, Surb Nshan Church (Tbilisi) Tiflis nshan-IMG 0394.JPG (crossbrown) 41.691014,44.814692, Karmir Avetaran Church (Tbilisi) Church of the Red Gospel.jpg (crossorange) 41.688871,44.804599, S Astvatsatsin of Bethlehem Church (Tbilisi) This church was taken over by the Georgian Orthodox Church. Has an Armenian inscription on the side. 200px (crossorange) 41.6887,44.806642, Karapi Surb Gevorg Yekeghetsi 200px (crossorange) 41.688978,44.801483, Lower Bethlehemi Church Also known as the Church of Saint Stepanos of the Holy Virgins (Armenian: Կուսանաց Սուրբ Ստեփանոս վանք) or Koosanats Sourb Stepanos Vank) 125px 41.697376,44.805716, Vank Cathedral (Tbilisi) Tiflis belltower-IMG 0388.JPG (crossbrown) 41.697646,44.816514, Khojivank Tbilisi's large new Sameba Church was built on the site of the largest Armenian Cemetery in the city, which had an Armenian Church complex as well. Khojivank-0003s69f.jpg (cross) 41.693592,44.8121, S Minas Church (Tbilisi) S Minas Tbilisi-00033pkt.jpg (crossorange) 41.698159,44.81008, S Karapet Church (Tbilisi) 125px (crossbrown) 41.694546,44.80027, Kamoyants St. Gevorg 200px 41.689749,44.793888, Hovhannes Tumanyan House in Tbilisi 41.690800, 44.808444, Sergey Parajanov Monument 41.689819, 44.808945, Sayat Nova Monument 41.690483, 44.796201, Raffi Raffi lived here from 1880-1888 plaque on building at 3 Daniel Chonqadze St. 41.689695, 44.792743, Armen Tigranyan Armenian composer Armen Tigranyan lived here 1913-1950 plaque on building. 41.690992, 44.798705, Alexander Mantashev Alexander Mantashev's house at 8 Geronti Kikodze Street. An image of his wife is still in the wrought iron metal balcony railing. 41.693388, 44.801495, Freedom Square Formerly known as Erivan Square, after Ivan Paskevich, the Count of Erivan (Yerevan province). 41.694201, 44.801642, Kamo's former grave. Abutting the north side of Freedom Square is a small open space with a fountain and a bust of Alexander Pushkin. Nearby the famous communist Kamo (Simon Ter-Petrossian) was once buried, but during Stalin's rule his remains were moved to an undisclosed location. 41.699570, 44.797482, Rustaveli Theatre Entire building funded by Alexander Mantashev. </googlemap>

Red Cross is an Armenian Church that remains Armenian. Orange Cross is an Armenian Church that was taken by the Georgian Church without permission after the USSR collapsed and altered to seem Georgian. Brown Cross is one of 11 Armenian Churches that were destroyed by the Georgian Communist government by orders of Beria.

References

See also