Campanula karakuschensis

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< On the list of Rare and Endangered Plants of Armenia


Campanula is one of two genera of bell-flowers in the family Campanulaceae, the other being Campanulastrum. It takes its name from their bell-shaped flowers, and campanula is Latin for "little bell".

There are about 45 different species and several subspecies, including the northern European Campanula rotundifolia, commonly known as harebell in England and bluebell in Scotland where it grows in the wild, and the southern European Campanula medium, commonly known as Canterbury Bells which is a cultivated garden plant in the United Kingdom. As well as several species occurring naturally in the wild in northen Europe, there are many cultivated garden species.

The species Campanula rapunculoides or Campanula rapunculus, commonly known as Rampion, Rampion bellflower, or Rover bellflower is an annual vegetable and a popular garden plant, though sometimes considered too invasive. There are blue, purple and white varieties. The Brothers Grimm's tale Rapunzel gave its name to this plant.

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Plant in Armenia

Զանգակ կարակուշի (“Zangak karakushi”)


Known from only three populations in Armenia. May disappear due to its rareness and decorativeness.

Habitat in Armenia

Grows in the floristic region of Dareleghis.

Habitat and ecology

Grows on lime hills, in the height of 2900-3000 meters above sea level.

Biology and potential value

High decorative plant. Has huge scientific interest.

Measures of protection

Full protection of the species and inclusion in the reserves in Yeghegnadzor region needed. Included in the Red Book of the former Soviet Union

External links